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Psych Chapter 18

A stimulus (antecedent) "controls" a behavior if... the behavior is more likely to occur in the presence of that stimulus.
When designing a behavior program, what should you first think about and why? Antecedents to get the behavior you want (fixing things before a behavior occurs)
what's the difference between modeling and symbolic modeling? modeling-provide sample (demonstration) of a desired behavior, symbolic-modeling through movies, videos, etc.
what are the 4 factors influencing the effectiveness of modeling? 1. peer models (who is the best person to work with this individual?) 2. multiple models 3. effects of behavior (make sure person modeling can get reinforced) 4. combine modeling with rules/reinforcement
behavioral rehearsal (role-playing) client rehearses particular behavior in a practice setting to increase likelihood for that to occur in the real world
physical guidance apply physical contact to induce individual to perform desired behavior
generalized imitation learn to imitate new response on first trial without reinforcement
situational inducement manipulate environmental organization or structures to promote desired behavior
what are the 4 categories of situation inducement? 1. rearrange existing surroundings 2. move activity to a new location 3. relocate people 4. change time of activity
guidelines for using stimulus control (5): 1. combine techniques 2. almost always use verbal prompts 3. clearly indicate desired behavior 4. specify reinforcer 5. fade when appropriate
Created by: katohm91
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