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BurnBurn13

QuestionAnswer
Allograft An allograft (also referred to as a homograft or cadaver skin) is donor skin taken from another person.
Autograft The surgical transplantation of the patient’s own skin from one area to another.
Burn scar contracture Forms due to the shortening and tightening of the burn scar. Burn scar contracture deformities are the most problematic over large joints.
Collagen A basic structural fibrous protein found in all tissue. Excessive deposition of tissue collagen leads to a thickening of the burn scar.
Compression garment Compression garments are the preferred conservative method to treat hypertrophic scars and have been in use since the early 1970s. Compression garments ate thought to reduce oxygen flow to the scar thereby decreasing collagen production.
Debridement The cleansing and removal of nonadherant and nonviable tissue.
Eschar the residual necrotic layers of skin destroyed by direct heat damage or the injury occurring secondary to heat damage.
Fluid resuscitation Medical practice of replenishing bodily fluid lost through sweating, bleeding, fluid shifts, or other pathologic processes.
Full-thickness burn Burn injury that destroys the entire epidermal and dermal layers of the skin and extends down into subcutaneous fat.
Hypertrophic scar A cutaneous condition characterized by excess scar tissue, Hypertrophic scars occur when the body overproduces collagen, which causes the scar to be raised above the surrounding skin; these scars take the form of a red raised lump on the skin.
Partial-thickness burn Burn injury, which involves part of all of the epidermis. Referred to as second-degree burns.
Superficial burn refers to the depth of the burn; also referred to as a first-degree burn, occurs when the top layer of skin, called the epidermis, is burned.
Created by: Cindy Lou Who
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