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Philosophy Midterm

Dr. Anton's Ethics and Aesthetics midterm

Metaethics the study of the origin and meaning of ethical concepts: moral semantics, moral epistemology, metaphysical issues concerning whether morality exists independently of humans
Normative Ethics theories that aim to arrive at moral standards that regulate right and wrong conduct (i.e. The Golden Rule)
Applied Ethics
Psychological Egoism self-oriented interests ultimately motivate all human action
Ethical Egoism
Altruism desire to act on another's behalf in that person's best interest and to the agent's own detriment
Why is psychological egoism incompatible with altruism?
Emotivism moral judgments are, at the bottom, expressions of one's emotional preferences. They have an emotive aspect that amounts to a celebration of the judgment and a prescriptive aspect that amounts to encouragement that others follow the judgement (A.J. Ayer)
male moralities vs. female moralities Male-centered morality focuses on areas of society that have been "male-dominated" Female centered morality: morality of nurturing, caring, spontaneous emotional reactions to problems
virtue ethics
Cardinal Virtues wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice
Theological Virtues faith, hope, and charity
Duty Theories "deon" for necessity-what must be done rule-based Nonconsequentialist There are contstraints-there are some things one must never do even if doing them would bring about good consequences
Pufendorf Duties to God, Duties to Oneself, Duties to others
Rights a justified claim against another person's behavior; if one person holds a right, that right imposes a duty on others not to violate the right
Kant's Ethics
W.D. Ross
Basic aspects of Bentham and Mill's theories
Ideal Utilitarianism (G.E. Moore)
Preference Utilitarianism (R.M. Hare)
What is a Social Contract Theory?
Motivational Internalism (strong and weak)
Motivational Externalism
Relational property
Prima Facie Duties
act utilitarianism
rule utilitarianism
closed concept
open concept
"Family resemblance"
Institutional Definition of Art
Intensional object
Extensional object
Performance works
object works
4 Types of Character
2 Types of Virtue
The Doctrine of the Mean
The Unity of the Virtues
Argument for why something must be intrinsically good
Relationship between virtue and happiness (eudaimonia)
What makes something good?
Parts of the soul
The Euthyphro Problem
Ring of Gyges
Two rings scenario
Censorship of poets in the Republic
Problems with the definition of "piety" in Euthyphro dialogue
3 Types of Goods
What type of good is justice according to Socrates?
What type of good is justice according to the average person?
The "social contract" which Thrasymachus supposes created justice
Fully just man vs. Fully unjust man
Frank Sibley
Wilhelm Wundt
Monroe Beardsley
Joseph Margolis
Roger Taylor
Jerome Stolnitz
Edward Bullough
George Dickie
The New Criticism
Nelson Goodman
Formalist definition of art (i.e. Clive Bell)
R.G. Collingwood
Communication theorists
Creative Process Theory
Hospers & Bouwsma
Guy Sircello
Created by: TaylorAnn1993
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