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Skull Terminology

Skull anatomy terminiology

Medial being situated or occurring in the middle of the body. Median, mesial
meningeal pertaining to the three membranes ( dura mater, arachnoid and pia mater that envelop the brain and spinal cord
mental pertaining to the chin or lower jaw
molar having power to grind. of or pertaining to the nose.
nasion the midpoint of the nasofrontal suture
neck the part connecting the head and trunk or body
norma a line established to define aspects of the cranium
notch a V-shaped indentation a nick. a depression chiefly one on the edge of a bone
nuchal the back , nape , or scruff of the neck
obelion a point on the sagittal suture where it is crossed by a line that connects the parietal foramina
occipital the posterior part of the skull the occipital bone
occiput the back part of the skull
opisthocranion most posterior point on the external surface of the occipital bone
optic of or pertaining to vision of the eye
orbit the eye socket
palatine of or pertaining to the palate the palatine bones
palpebral of or pertaining to the eyelids
parietal of or pertaining to the parietes or walls, of a part or cavity. the parietal bones of the skull
parotid. the salivary gland inferior and anterior to the ear. the parotid gland
petrous. designating or pertaining to the exceptionally hard and dense medial portion of the temporal bone containing the internal auditory organs
philtrum the groove at the medial line of the upper lip
pinna the upper part of the external ear
pituitary pertainig to a small oval twolobed vscular body attached to the infundibulum of the brain and seated in the sella turcica. the pituitary gland
plate a smooth flat piece of material of uniform thickness
posterior situated behind or towards the rear. opposed to anterior same as dorsal
process any marked prominence or projection part. an outgrowth or extension
protuberance that which buges beyon the surrounding or adjacent surface; swelling, a prominence; an elevation
pterion the juncture of the frontal and parietal bones with the great wing of the sphenoid
pterygoid a process extending downward from each side of the sphenoid bone, consisting of two vertical plates, the internal and external, separated by an angular (pterygoid) notch and so placed as to leave a deep (pterygoid) fossa on its outer and posterior aspect
ramus the ascending branch at each end of the lower jaw bone
raphe a ridge or furrow that marks the line of union of the halves of symmetric parts. The middle ridge of the palate
roof the tow or summit
sagittal the suture between the parietal bones of the skull , dividing the human into right and left portions; or any line parallel thereto
sella. a seat-shapped ofssa or depression, such as the sella turcica, the pituitary fossa.
septum any dividing wall, or partion, separating two cavities or masses. the nasal septum, separationg the two nasal cavities.
sinciput. the forehead; the upper half of the skull
sinus. a cavity, recess, or depression . an air cavity in the cranial bones.
skull the skeleton of the head. the bony framework that encloses and protects the brain and chief sense organs. The 8 craninal bones and the 14 facial bones
sphenoid designating or pertainig to a wedge or winged, compound bone of the base of the cranum
spine a stiff, sharp-pointed process
squamosou the anterior, upper portion of the temporal bone
stephanion the point wher the coronal suture crosses the superior temporal ridge
styloid resembling a pen , or stylus, long and pointed.
sub under, below, beneath or lower
sulcus a shallow furrow on the surface of the brain, separtaing convolution. the furrow between the lower lip and the chin, between the nose and upper lip.
superciliary. pertaining to the eyebrow; supraorbital ridge
superior above or situated higher. opposed to inferior
supraorbital above the orbit of the eye
suture the line of union, or seam, in an immovable articulation, such as those between the bones of the skull
temporal of orpertaing to the temple or temples or the sides of the skull behind the orbits
tragus the prominence anterior to the external opening of th ear
transverse lying or being across; crosswise
tubercle a protuberance
turcica sella turcica, the pituitary fossa
tympanic of or pertaing to the typanum, eardrum , or hearing
velum any veil or veil-like organ. the pendulous and posteriro portion of the soft palate
ventricle any small cavity; any one of the various cavities of the brain
ventriculography radiography of th ebrain follwoing the direct injection of air into the cerebral ventricles. empoyed in diagnosis of brain tumors
vertex the top of the head. the summit or crown
vertical of or pertainig to the vertex; situated at ther vertex, or higherst point. perpendicular to eh horizon
vesicle a small sac contain fluid
vomer a bone of the skull situated below the ehtmoidal region, forming part of the nasal septum
wing resembling the wing, or organ of aerial flight. the greater and lesser wings f the sphenoid bone
zygomatic the zygomatic or malar, bone of th face. the cheekbone.
Created by: jmen16