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Stack 4

Stack 4 Pharmacology PHCC Marks Class

QuestionAnswer
Anti-infective medications are commonly referred to as Antibiotics
Antibiotics are not effective against any Viral infection
For antibiotics to be effective against bacterial infection they must be taken On time and until the prescription is completed
Bacteria that stains pink are called Gram-negative
Bacteria that stained purple are called gram-positive
Sulfonamide antibiotics are commonly referred to as Sulfa drugs
sulfadiazine class sulfonamide antibiotics
sulfisoxazole class sulfonamide antibiotics
Gantrisin class sulfonamide antibiotics
trimethoprim (TMP)& sulfamethoxazole (SMZ)Class sulfonamide antibiotics
Bactrim Class sulfonamide antibiotics
Septra Class sulfonamide antibiotics
Bactrim Generic trimethoprim (TMP)& sulfamethoxazole (SMZ)
Septra Generic trimethoprim (TMP)& sulfamethoxazole (SMZ)
amoxicillin class Penicillin antibiotic
Amoxil Class Penicillin antibiotic
Trimox Class Penicillin antibiotic
ampicillin class Penicillin antibiotic
Principen Class Penicillin antibiotic
dicloxacillin class Penicillin antibiotic
nafcillin class Penicillin antibiotic
oxacillin class Penicillin antibiotic
penicillin class Penicillin antibiotic
Pfizerpen Class Penicillin antibiotic
Bicillin Class Penicillin antibiotic
Permapen Class Penicillin antibiotic
piperacillin Class Penicillin antibiotic
ticarcillin Class Penicillin antibiotic
Ticar Class Penicillin antibiotic
Augmentin Class Penicillin antibiotic
Amoxil Generic amoxicillin
Trimox Generic amoxicillin
Principen Generic ampicillin
Pfizerpen Generic penicillin
Bicillin Generic penicillin
Permapen Generic penicillin
Ticar Generic ticarcillin
Gantrisen generic sulfisoxazole
MRSA is resistant to: penicillin antibiotics & Cephalosporin Antibiotics
MRSA is found in __% of the general population 1%
Most common place to find MRSA is a: hospital or nursing facility
Most MRSA infections are not serious but some can be: life threatening
Conditions most susceptible to MRSA infection include: 1. Dieabetes Mellitus (DM) 2. Cancer (Ca) 3. AIDs
Outbreaks of community associated meticillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (CAMRSA) have been seen where people share close quarters such as: schools, gyms, and day care centers
The most effective technique to prevent MRSA infection is: Proper hand washing
PRSP stands for penicillin resistant streptococcus pneumonia
antibiotics that have the letters combinations cef, cep, kef, and mef are usually: Cephalosporin Antibiotic
Ceclor class Cephalosporin Antibiotic
Suprex Class Cephalosporin Antibiotic
Claforan Class Cephalosporin Antibiotic
Vantin Class Cephalosporin Antibiotic
Fortaz Class Cephalosporin Antibiotic
Cedax Class Cephalosporin Antibiotic
Maripine Class Cephalosporin Antibiotic
Most patients who allergic to penicillin antibiotics are also allergic to: Cephalosporin Antibiotics
Most drugs with the combination of letter micin or mycin are: aminoglycoside antibiotics
aminoglycoside antibiotics can be: nephrotoxic (toxic to kidneys) and/or ototoxic (toxic to hearing)
Garamycin Generic gentamicin
Kantrex Class Aminoglycoside Antibiotic
Amakin Generic amakacin
Amakin Class Aminoglycoside Antibiotic
Humatin Class Aminoglycoside Antibiotic
TOBI Class Aminoglycoside Antibiotic
Tobrex Class Aminoglycoside Antibiotic
The following drugs are not aminoglycoside antibiotics: vancomycin, erythromycin, Declomycin, Vibramycin, & Sumycin
Vibramycin Generic doxycycline
Vibra-Tabs Generic doxycycline
Tetracycline Antibiotics usually contain the combination of letters: cycline
Vibramycin Class Tetracycline Antibiotics
Vibra-Tabs Class Tetracycline Antibiotics
Declomycin Class Tetracycline Antibiotics
Dynacin Class Tetracycline Antibiotics
Minocin Class Tetracycline Antibiotics
Sumycin Class Tetracycline Antibiotics
Cipro Generic ciprofloxacin
Cipro (ciprofloxacin) can loose its effectiveness if combined with: fruit juices
Zithromax nicknamed: Z-pack
Cipro Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
ciprofloxacin class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
Zithormax Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
Biaxin Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
Levaquin Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
Floxin Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
Avelox Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
vancomycin classs Miscellaneous Antibiotics
vancomycin is commonly used to treat MRSA
VRSA stands for vancomycin resistant staphlococcus aureus
VRE stands for vancomycin resistant enterococcus
erythromycin class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
E.E.S. Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
Eryzole Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
Eryderm Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
Eryc Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
EryPed Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
Pediazole Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
Erythrocin Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
Ery-Tab Class Miscellaneous Antibiotics
E.E.S. Generic erythromycin
Eryzole Generic erythromycin
Eryderm Generic erythromycin
Eryc Generic erythromycin
EryPed Generic erythromycin
Pediazole Generic erythromycin
Erythrocin Generic erythromycin
Ery-Tab Generic erythromycin
The window period for the HIV is: 2 weeks to 6 months
Window Period is: time between exposure and detection by blood test
The average incubation period between HIV exposure and AIDs is: 2 to 8 years
The diagnosis of AIDS occurs when: CD4 T lymphocyte count drops below 200 mm3 or an opportunistic infection occurs
AIDS opportunistic infections include: 1.PCP (pneumocystis carinii pneumonia) 2. TB (tuberculosis) 3.KS (Kaposi's sarcoma) 4.Herpes simplex virus (HSV) I & II
Herpes simplex virus I (HSVI) casuses: herpetic stomatitis AKA cold sores
Herpes simplex virus II (HSVII) causes: genital herpes
Herpes Zoster causes: shingles
Candida albicans causes: vaginal yeast (fungal) infections and thrush
Antiviral medications work by: inteferring with the reproductive cycle of the virus targeted
All of the following Antiviral medications are used to treat HIV and AIDS: 1.Retrovir (zidovudine) 2.Epivir (lamivudine) 3.Sustiva (efavirenz)
1.Retrovir (zidovudine) 2.Epivir (lamivudine) 3.Sustiva (efavirenz) are routinely given in combination and called: AIDS cocktail
Aids medication must be administered every day without missing to prevent developing a: resistance
Lithobid (lithium) is used to treat HIV and AIDS because of the side effect of: Leukocytosis
Leukocytosis means: elevated whie blood cell count (WBC)
Lithobid (lithium) is primarily used to treat: MDI AKA BMD (manic depressive illness / bipolar mental disorder
Zovirax Generic acyclovir
acyclovir class Antiviral medication to treat HSVI & HSVII & Herpers Zoster
Zovirax class Antiviral medication to treat HSVI & HSVII & Herpers Zoster
Abreva Class Antiviral medication to treat HSVI
Valtrex Class Antiviral medication to treat HSVII & Herpers Zoster
Zostrix Class Antiviral medication to treat Herpes Zoster
All of the following are used to treat influenza A & B: Tamiflu, Relenza, & Symmetrel
tinea means fungus
corporis means body
pedis means foot
cruris means crotch
capitis means head
fungal infections (dermatophytosis) include: 1.Ringworm AKA tinea corporis 2.Athletes Foot AKA tinea pedis 3.Jock itch AKA tinea cruris 4.fungal invections of the scalp AKA tinea capitis (cradle cap) 5.Candidiasis AKA vaginal yeast infection or thrush 6.Onychomycosis (fungal infection of nails)
Diflucan Generic fluconazole
Nizoral generic ketoconazole
Fungizone generic amphotericin B
Monistat 7 & 3 and Vagistat 7 & 3 generic miconazole
Monostat 1 & Vagistat 1 generic tioconazole
Diflucan class antifungal
fluconazole class antifungal
Nizoral Class antifungal
ketoconazole Class antifungal
ampotericin B Class antifungal
Fungizone Class antifungal
Monistat Class antifungal
Vagiatat Class antifungal
miconazole class antifungal
tioconazole class antifungal
A drop (gt) is AKA minim
A small bag or bottle of medication connected into I.V. tubing and hung next to the main bag/bottle is called an: Intravenous Piggyback IVPB
I.V. tubing has rubber stoppers to inject medication and they are called: ports
Medication injected into these ports are called: Intravenous Push IVP
A very slow I.V. infusion to prevent coagulation from occurring is called: Keep Vein Open KVO or To Keep Open TKO
Intermittent administration of I.V. solutions via an I.V. access site without I.V. tubing or continuous infusion is called: reseal or heparin lock ("hep-lock")
Heparin Classification anticoagulant
A catheter inserted into a peripheral vein and advanced to the superior vena cava for prolonged I.V. therapy such as antineoplastics is called a; PICC Line or peripherally inserted central catheter
Electrolytes include sodium Na, potassium K, an chloride Cl
LR stands for: Lactated Ringers or Ringers Lactate
Ringers Lactate contains dextrose, sodium Na, potassium K, Chloride Cl, and lactate
TPN stands for: Total Parenteral Nutrition AKA hyperalimentation or Hyper Al
Nutrition Solutions for TPN are: lipids AKA Intralipid or Liposyn, Amino Acids for protein creation, Salts/electrolytes, Sugar/destrose,
MVI stands for: multivitamins for injection
WB stands for" Whole Blood
RBC's are: Erythrocytes
WBC's are: Leukocytes
Thrombocytes are: Platelets
Plasma is: The liquid portion of blood containing proteins and clotting factors.
PRBC is: Packed Red Blood Cells
FFP is: Fast Frozen Plasma
Cryoprecipitates refer to? clotting factors
Cryoprecipitates are used to treat the genetic coagulotherapy: hemophilia
Albumin Alb is a: blood protein
Dextran is a: Plasma volume expander
Created by: hilander62