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P & A short

Personality and Abnormal Psychology short review

Structuralism Breaks consciousness into elements by using introspection
Titchener Structuralism theorists
Functionalism stream of consciousness; studies how mind functions to help people adapt to environment; attacked structuralism
James and Dewey Functionalism theorists
Behaviorism Psychology as objective study of behavior; attacked mentalism and the use of introspection; attacked structuralism and functionalism
Watson and Skinner Behaviorism theorists
Gestalt Whole is something other than the sum of its parts; attacked structuralism and behaviorism
Wertheimer, Kohler, Koffka Gestalt theorists
cognitive behaviorism is not an adequate explanation for human behavior; humans think, believe are creative
Chomsky Cognitive theorist
Psychoanalysis Behavior is a result of unconscious conflicts, repression, defense mechanisms
Freud, Jung, Adler Psychoanalysis theorists
Humanism looks at people as wholes, humans have free will; psychologists should study mentally healthy people, not just mentally ill or maladjusted ones
Maslow & Rogers humanism theorists
Adler, A. Psychodynamis theorist best know for the concept of inferiority complex
Allport, G. Trait theorist known for the concept of functional autonomy; also distinguished between idiographic and nomothetic approaches to personality
Bandura, A. Behaviorist theorist known for his social learning theory; did modeling experiment using punching bag (Bobo doll)
Bem, S. suggested that masculinity and femininity were two separate dimensions; also linked with concept of androgyny
Cattell, R. Trait theorist who used factor analysis to study personality
Dollard, J. & Miller, N. Behaviorist theorists who attempted to study psychoanalytic concepts within a behaviorist framework; also known for their work on approach-avoidance conflicts
Erikson, E. Ego Psychologist whose psychosocial stages of development encompass entire lifespan
Eysenck, H. Trait theorist who proposed two main dimensions on which human personalities differ: introversion-extroversion and emotional stability-neuroticism
Freud, A. Founder of ego psychology
Freud, S. originator of the psychodynamic approach to personality, developed psychoanalysis
Horney, K. psychodynamic theorist who suggested there were three ways to relate to others: moving toward, moving against and moving away from
Jung, C. psychodynamic theorist who broke with Freud over the concept of libido; suggested that the unconscious could be divided into the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious, with archetypes being in the collective unconscious
Kelly, G. based personality theory on the notion of "individual as scientist"
Kernberg, O. object-relations theorist
Klein, M. object-relations theorist
Lewin, K. phenomenological personality theorist who developed field theory
Mahler, M. object relations theorist
Maslow, A. phenomenological personality theorist known for developing a heirarchy of needs and for the concept of self-actualization
McClelland, D. studied need for achievement (nAch)
Mischel, W. critic of trait theories of personality
Rogers, C. phenomenological personaliy theorist, deeveloped client-centered therapy, a therapy that was based on the concept of unconditional positive regard
Rotter, J. studied locus of control
Sheldon, W. attempted to relate somatotype (body type) to personality type
Skinner, B.F. behaviorist
Winnicott, D.W. object-relations theorist
Witkin, H. studied field-dependence and field independence using the rod and frame test
Beck, A. cognitive behavior therapist known for his therapy for depression
Bleuler, E. coined term schizophrenia
Dix, D. 19th century american advocate of asylum reform
Ellis, A. cognitive behavior therapist known for his rational-emotive therapy (RET)
Kraeplin, E. developed system in 19th century for classifying mental disorders
Pinel, P. Reformed French asylums in late 18th century
Rosenhan, D. investigated the effect of being labeled mentally ill by having pseudopatients admitted into mental hospitals
Seligman, M. formulated learned helplessness theory of depression
Szasz, T. suggested that most of the mental disorders treated by clinicians are not really mental disorders - wrote "The Myth of Mental Illness"
Created by: 7101078
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