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Musculoskeletal

Hip and thigh

QuestionAnswer
Gluteus Maximus O&I O:The coccyx, edge of sacrum, posterior iliac crest, sacrotuberous and sacroiliac ligaments I:Illiotibial tract (upper fibers) Gluteal tuberosity (lower fibers)
Gluteus Maximus A -Extend the hip -Laterally rotate the hip -Abduct the hip Lower fibers: Adduct the hip
Gluteus Maximus N Inferior gluteal L5,S1,2
O:Gluteal surface of ilium, between posterior and anterior gluteal lines, just below the iliac crest I:Lateral aspect of greater trochanter
Gluteus Medius A All Fibers-Abduct hip Anterior Fibers-Flex the hip,Medially rotate hip Posterior Fibers-Extend the hip, laterally rotate the hip
Gluteus Medius N Superior gluteal L4,5,S1
Gluteus Minimus O&I O:Gluteal surface of the ilium between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines I:Anterior aspect of greater trochanter
Gluteus Minimus A -Abduct the hip -Medially rotate the hip -Flex the hip
Gluteus Minimus N Superior gluteal L4,5,S1
Adductor Magnus O&I O:Inferior ramus of the pubis, ramus of the ischium, ischial tuberosity I:Medial lip of linea aspera and adductor tubercle
Adductor Magnus A -Adduct the hip -Medially rotate hip -Extend the hip (posterior fibers)
Adductor Magnus N Obturator L2,3,4 and Sciatic L4,5,S1
Adductor Longus O&I O:Pubic tubercle I:Medial lip of linea aspera
Adductor Longus A -Adduct the hip -Medially rotate the hip
Adductor Longus N Obturator L2,3,4
Adductor Brevis O&I O:Inferior ramus of pubis I:Pectineal line and medial lip of linea aspera
Adductor Brevis A -Adduct the hip -Medially rotate the hip
Adductor N Obturator L2,3,4
Gastrocnemius O&I O:Condyles of the femur, posterior surfaces I:Calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
Gastrocnemius A -Flex the knee -Plantar flex the ankly
Gastrocnemius N Tibial S1,2
Psoas Major O&I O:Bodies and transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae I:Lesser trochanter
Psoas Major A Origin fixed: Flex the hip;laterally rotate the hip Insertion fixed: Flex the trunk; tilt pelvis anteriorly
Psoas Major N Lubar plexus L1,2,3,4
Illiacus O&I O:Iliac fossa I:Lesser trochanter
Illiacus A Origin fixed:Flex the hip, laterally rotate the hip Insertion fixed:Flex the trunk, tilt pelvis anteriorly
Illiacus N Femoral L(1),2,3,4
Tensor Fasciae Latae O&I O:Iliac crest, posterior to ASIS I:Iliotibial tract
Tensor Fascie Latae A -Flex the hip -Medially rotate hip -Abduct the hip
Tensor Fascie Latae N Superior gluteal L4,5,S1
Created by: ckdabne