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Geoterms chapter 1

Geography The study of the Earth's features that are on its surface including landforms, bodies of water, plants, animals and people
Spatial Relating to space or position of things
Physical Geography The studies of the natural features on the Earth's surface
Human Geography The studies of people and how they have spread across the world
Relative Location Where a place is located in relation to another place
Absolute Location The precise point where a place is located on Earth
Distortion A change in the shape, size, or position of a place when it is shown on a map
Map Projection A way of representing the spherical Earth on a flat surface
Compass Rose A diagram on a map that shows directions such as north, south, east, and west
Cardinal Directions The four main directions on a compass rose: north, south, east, and west
Intermediate Directions The directions on a compass rose, such as southeast, that are located between the cardinal directions
Map Legend A box or other display on a map that explains the meaning of the symbols used on the map
Map Grid A system of imaginary lines that divides up the space on a map
Parallels of Latitude An imaginary line around Earth that runs parallel to the equator
Meridians of Longitude An imaginary line between the North and South poles that crosses the equator at right angles
Prime Meridians The meridian of longitude labeled 0 degrees, from which all other degrees of longitude are measured. This passes through Greenwich, England
International Date Line The meridian of longitude located at 180º by international agreement, the date is one day earlier to the east of this line
Coordinates A set of numbers that together describe the exact location of something, such as a place on a map
Map Scale An element of a map that shows how a unit of distance on the map (such as an inch) relates to actual distance on the surface of Earth
Hemisphere One half of a sphere. Earth can be divided into eastern and western hemispheres or into northern and southern hemisphere
Landmass A very large, unbroken area of land
Revolution One complete trip by Earth around the sun
Axis An imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole through the center of Earth
Tropic of Cancer The northernmost line of latitude where the sun’s rays ever beat straight down. This line marks the northern limit of the tropical zone
Tropic of Capricorn The southernmost line of latitude where the sun’s rays ever beat straight down. This line marks the southern limit of the tropical zone
Created by: ssal



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