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Dis&Som Disorders

Review of somatoform and dissociative disorders.

QuestionAnswer
Characteristics somatoform disorders? They involve physical symptoms that suggest the presence of a medical condition without any evidence of physical pathology to support the medical condition.
Hypochondriasis People with hypochondriasis are preoccupied witht eh idea that they have an existing medical condition and tend to constantly "doctor shop" to find the right professional who can find out what's wrong with them.
Somatization disorder characterized by many different complaints of physical aliments. Usually manifests before the age of 30. Requires four pain symptoms, 2 GI symptoms, one sexual symptom and one pseudoneurological symptom to qualify for somatization disorder.
Pain disorder characterized by severe pain in one or more areas of the body. 2 subtypes are pain disorder with psychological factors and pain disorder associated with physical ailments and psychological symptoms.
Conversion Disorder involves pattern in which symptoms affecting sensory or motor functions lead one to thinking he/she has a medical condition. 4 categories of symptoms are sensory symptoms, motor symptoms, seizures, and mixed presentation from first 3 categories.
Malingering and factitous disorder Malingering is motivated by external incentives while factitous disorder is motivated by the benefits of the "sick role."
Body dysmorphic disorder Individuals with disorder are obsessed with perceived flaws in some part of their appearance, usually facial features. Is closely related to OCD and eating disorders, and CBT and exposure and response prevention are often used as treatments.
Dissociative disorders A group of conditions involving disruptions in a person's normally integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity, and perception.
Depersonalization disorder Components of condition include derelization, where one's sense of reality of the outside world is lost, and depersonalization, where one's sense of self and reality is temporarily lost.
Dissociative amnesia Involves a failure to recall previously stored personal information when the failure cannot be accounted for by ordinary behavior.
Dissociative identity disorder Dramatic dissociative disorder in which person manifests 2 or more distinct identities that alternate in some way in taking control of behavior. Treatments include hypnosis and integration of seperate identities.
Created by: 1081233689