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ABI-12

QuestionAnswer
Anterograde amnesia The inability to learn new long-term declarative information
Aspiration Pathological inhalation of food or mucus into the respiratory tract
Benign tumor noncancerous, which do not invade other body tissues or spread to other body parts. However, may become life threatening as they cause increasing deficits with cell growth, because they press upon nearby structures and tissues
Coma A non-sleep loss of consciousness associated with unresponsiveness to touch, pain, sound, or movement that lasts for an extended period
Coup-contrecoup injury situation in which direct brain damage is incurred in traumatic event as the cerebrum rotates on the more stable brainstem while accelerating from the force of impact; cerebrum strikes the skull (coup) & then accelerates in the opposite direction
Decerebrate rigidity An extensor posture of all limbs and/or the trunk
Decorticate rigidity Flexion of the upper, but extension of the lower, limbs
Executive functions A broad band of skills that allow an individual to engage in independent, self-directed behavior. Includes volition, planning, purposeful action, & self-awareness; Ex. functions involve the ability to formulate context-appropriate goals & to initiate, ...
Heterotopic ossification The formation of bone in soft tissue and periarticular location. Early clinical signs include warmth, swelling, pain, and decreased joint motion. Common join for heterotopic ossification are the shoulder, elbow, hip, and knee
Hydrocephalus The abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain
Malignant tumor Composed of abnormal cells that multiply rapidly, with the ability to invade, or metastasize into other tissues
Metastasis the spread of a disease from one organ or part to another nonadjacent organ or part
Mild acquired brain injury (TBI) Clinically identified as a loss of consciousness for <10 minutes or amnesia, a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) rating of 13 to 15, no skull fracture on physical examination, and non-focal neurological examination
Moderate acquired brain injury (TBI) Hospitalization of at least 48 hours, an initial GCS rating of 9 to 12 or higher
Physiatrist a physician specializing in rehab medicine
Procedural learning the ability to learn new motor, perceptual, or basic cognitive behaviors
Retrograde amnesia loss of memory of events that occurred prior to the injury
Severe acquired brain injury- Loss of consciousness and/or posttraumatic amnesia for more than 24 hours, a GCS raging of 1 to 8.
Created by: Cindy Lou Who
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