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Diabetes-11

QuestionAnswer
Autonomic neuropathy form of peripheral neuropathy; group of SX that occur when there is damage to the nerves that manage everyday body functions such as BP, HR, bowel & bladder emptying & digestion; ex; diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN) & cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN)
Diabetic foot A person who has diabetes is at increased risk for slow-healing injuries to distal extremities. It is caused by decreased vascularization; the risk of an infection that does not heal is higher. One possible intervention is limb amputation
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) State of medical emergency; life-threatening condition caused by a state of relative insulin deficiency, marked by hyperglycemia, ketonemia, metabolic acidosis, & electrolyte depletion. Often the 1st presenting sign of type 1 diabetes; common
Hemoglobin A1c level (HbA1c) The average concentration of glucose in the blood over a 6-week to 3-month time period, with levels >6.5% diagnostic of diabetes
Hyperglycemia An abnormally high concentration of glucose (115 to 139 mg/dL) in the circulating blood, especially with reference to a fasting level; high blood sugar
Hypoglycemia an abnormally small concentration of glucose in the circulating blood, that is, 50 mg/dL in men & <45mg/dL in women; low blood sugar
Ketonuria Condition in which ketone bodies are present. Ketones are waste products from the body’s breakdown of fat for energy, high concentrations of which leads to DKA
Nephropathy Any disease of the kidney
Neuropathy pathology of the nervous system
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) Leads to impaired would healing, tissue hypoxia, and decreased mobilization of white blood cells to infected tissues; occurs at an earlier age and at a rate of two to four times higher in people with diabetes
Peripheral neuropathy Most common SX include burning pain; stabbing, pricking, or tingling sensation; pathologic skin sensitivity; or deep aching pain; commonly DX among people w/diabetes; diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) - most common complication for patients w/diabetes
Polydipsia Excessive thirst that occurs frequently
Polyphagia Excessive eating
Polyuria Excessive excretion of urine
Retinopathy Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the retina
Type 1 diabetes A disease in which the pancreas stops producing insulin as a result of autoimmune destruction of cells
Type 2 diabetes A disease where the body cells are insulin resistant
Created by: Cindy Lou Who
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