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geography vocab

Vocab WordDefinition
Absolute Location specific, exact point of reference example: address
Relative Location less specific but still accurate
Perspective a persons way of seeing something based on their belief or culture
Distance how far away something is from a place
Direction a way to go such as North, South, East, or West
Bearing horizontal direction of one point with respect to another or to the compass
Coordinate specific point on a map example:(0°,0°)
Vector a course or compass direction
Equator Location on the Earth that has a latitude of 0°
Parallel lines of latitude
Prime Meridian location on the earth that has a longitude of 0°
Meridian lines of longitude
Hemisphere Half of the world
Tropic of Cancer Latitude of 23.5° North. Northern limit of the Sun's declination.
Tropic of Capricorn North, South, East, and West
Cardinal Directions North, South, East, and West
Intermediate Directions Northwest,Northeast,Southwest,Southeast
Location characteristics: direction, distance, proximity: measured by length
Place physical and human characteristics of a place
Movement how things, people and animals get from place to place
Human Environment Interaction how humans affect the environment, how the environment affects humans, how humans adapt to the environment
Region regions divide the world into managable units for geographic study
Latitude Latitude is a north-south measurement of position on the Earth
International Dateline a line drawn almost parrellel to the 180 degree longitude meridian which marks the location where each day officially begins.
Tropic Zone the area between the tropic of cancer and the tropic of capricorn
Environment everything that surrounds us, both natural and man-made
Ecology a unique environment
proximity nearness, or vicinity to something
longitude Longitude is a west-east measurement of position on the Earth.
adaptation how living things live in their unique environment
climate average weather in a region over a long period of time
compass rose a piece of a map that shows the cardinal and intermediate directions
legend/key a piece of a map that shows the meaning of symbols used on the map
scale a piece of a map that shows distance
equinox(2) either of two times in the year when night and day are of equal length
solstice(2) either of two times in the year when the sun is farthest from the equator
poles one end of the earth, north or south
GPS(global positioning system) a satellite based navigation system
GIS(geographic information system) a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of geographical
Created by: maddiemack00