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quiz 1

who began the first psychology laboratory in 1879 wilheim wundt
where did wilheim wundt begin the first psychology laboratory leipzig, germany
wundts approach to psychology which focuses on uncovering the fundamental mental components of conscious, thinking, and other kinds of mental states and activities structuralism
an approach to psychology that focuses on the organization of perception and thinking in a "whole" sense rather than on the individual elements of perception gestalt psychology
the scientific study of behavior and mental processes psychology
who published the principles of psychology, and also set up the first psychology laboratory in cambridge, massachusetts william james
what type of perspective views behavior from the perspective of biological functioning neuroscience
what type of perspective focuses on observable behavior that can be measured objectively behavioral
what type of perspective contends that people can control their behavior and that they naturally try to reach their full potential humanistic
what type of perspective believes behavior is motivated by inner, unconscious forces over which a person has little control psychodynamic
what type of perspective examines how people understand and think about the world cognitive
the process of systematically acquiring knowledge and understanding about behavior and other phenomena the scientific method
what is the central focus of the scientific method research
this type of research is designed to systematically investigate a person, group or patterns of behavior descriptive research
this type of research is existing data, such as census documents, college records and newspaper clippings that are examined to test a hypothesis archival research
this type of research has the investigator observe some naturally occurring behavior and does not make a change in the situation naturalistic research
this type of research has a sample of people chosen to represent a larger group of interest (a population) is asked a series of questions about their behavior, thoughts, or attitudes survey research
a procedure in which carefully designed set of questions is used to gain some insight into the personality of individual or group psychological testing
an in-depth, instinctive investigation of a single individual or a small group case study
two sets of variable are examined to see if they are associated correlation research
behaviors, events, or other characteristics that can change, or vary in some way variables
this type of correlation indicates that as the value of one variable increases, we can predict that the value of the other variables will also increase positive correlation
this type of correlation indicates that as the value of one variable increases the value of the other decreases negative correlation
deliberately producing a change in one variable and observing the effects of that change experiments
the change that the researcher deliberately makes in an experiment experimental manipulation
any group that receives actual treatment during an experiment experimental group
any group that receives no treatment during an experiment control group
the condition that is manipulated by an experimenter during an experiment independent variable
the variable that is measured and is expected to change as a result of changes caused by the experimenters manipulation to the independent variable dependent variable
the type of brain study that records electrical activity in the brain through electrodes placed on the outside of the skull EEG
what does EEG stand for electroencephalogram
this type of brain study shows biochemical activity within the brain at any given moment, and begins with the injection of a radioactive liquid into the blood stream PET scan
what does PET stand for positron emission tomography
this type of brain study provides a detailed, 3-D computer generated image of brain structures and activity by aiming a powerful magnetic field at the body fMRI
what does fMRI stand for functional magnetic resonance imaging
this type of brain study exposes a tiny region of the brain to a strong magnetic field causing a momentary interruption of electrical activity. Often called a "virtual lesion" TMS
what does TMS stand for transcranial magnetic stimulation
this type of brain study is used to produce a graph of electrical wave patterns aiding in diagnosis of epilepsy and learning disabilities EEG
this type of brain study locates radiation within the brain allowing a computer to determine which are the more active regions and providing a striking picture of the brain at work PET
this type of brain study makes it possible to produce vivid, detailed images of the functioning brain fMRI
this type of brain study is the newest type of scan and allows researchers to see what activities are controlled by the area tested, has the potential to treat some psychological disorders TMS
Created by: chop
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