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Chapter 2 ID

Elements of Design & Principles of Design

What are the elements of design? Space, Line, Vertical Lines, Horizontal Lines, Diagonal Lines, Curved Lines, Shape, Form, Texture, Color.
What are the principles of design? Balance, Rhythm, Proportion, Emphasis, Unity.
What is the principle repetition? When a design is copied or repeated.
How does texture affect color? *Smooth surfaces reflect more light than rough surfaces. (light reflection)
What do curved lines suggest? Gracefulness.
What is the difference between horizontal, vertical, and radial balance? In horizontal...left & right parts are equal. In vertical...top & bottom parts are equal. In radial...the elements radiate from the outside.
What do diagonal lines suggest? Movement & excitement.
What is space? The area provided for a particular purpose.
What are the four types of rhythm? 1) Gradation 2) Radiation 3) Repetition 4) Continuous Line
What is asymmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are not identical but are equal in visual. EX- There may be 2 picture frames on each side of design/picture but they do not have to be exactly the same as each other (in size or shape)
What is the difference between horizontal and vertical lines? Vertical Lines lead the eye up, and Horizontal Lines lead the eye from left to right.
What is the golden mean? 3 to 5 ratio.
What is the difference between shape and form? Shape is a flat image. Form is the outlines of a three dimensional object.
What are the five types of balance? 1) Asymmetrical 2) Symmetrical 3) Horizontal 4) Vertical 5) Radial
What does unity or harmony mean? All elements
What are the two things texture involves? How a surface feels & how it appears to the touch
What are the four types of line? 1) Vertical 2) Horizontal 3) Diagonal 4) Curved
What is proportion? How the design is visually divided
Which of the five types of balance suggests excitement or interest? Radial
What is symmetrical balance? Example? Parts of the design are exactly alike. (EX- Each side is the same)
What is emphasis? What is another name for it? One object or item stands out. Focal Point.
What happens when you use a continuous line? It creates a line for the eyes to follow.
What is another name for symmetrical balance? Formal Balance
What is another name for asymmetrical balance? Informal Balance
What is the difference between gradation and radiation? Gradation decrease of increase in size or one element changes. Radiation is when lines move out from center point.
Created by: kay4811