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Med Surg - Blood d/o

blood disorders

blood is about what percent body weight? 8%
how much blood is typically in the system 5-6 L
blood is approximately __% H2O 90
normal HCT level 36-49%
plasma= whole blood - formed elements
serum = plasma - fibrinogen
normal hemoglobin 12-18 g/dL
poikilocytosis- variable shape of blood cells
polycythemia- inc in number of elements in blood
anisocytosis varying size of red blood cells
leukopenia decrease in WBC count
accumulation of excessive blood within the blood vessels of an organ or tissue congestion
localized region of necrosis caused by reduced arterial perfusion infarction
hypovolemic shock hemmorhage, dehydration
cardiogenic shock arrhythmia, acute MI, cardiomyopathy
Should not start exercise if resting SBP > __ or resting DBP > __ 200; 110
normal response for SBP is to rise 7-10 mmhg/MET
normal response for DBP no change or slight decrease
normal resting RR 12-20
if RR is __ do not start exercise >45
do not start exercise if pulse oximetry is __ <90
Created by: cdphipps21