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Psychology Ch. 5

Consciousness

QuestionAnswer
A concept with many meanings, including sensory awareness of the world outside, direct inner awareness of one's thoughts and feelings, personal unity, and the waking state Consciousness
The focus of one's consciousness on a particular stimulus Selective Attention
Knowledge of one's own thoughts, feelings, and memories without the use of sensory organs Direct Inner Awareness
In psychodynamic theory, descriptive of material that is not in awareness but can be brought into awareness by focusing one's attention Preconscious
In psychodynamic theory, descriptive of ideas and feelings that are not available to awareness Unconscious
In psychodynamic theory, the automatic (unconscious) ejection of anxiety-evoking ideas, impulses, or images from awareness Repression
The deliberate, or conscious, placing of certain ideas, impulses, or images out of awareness Suppression
Descriptive of bodily processes, such as growing hair, of which we cannot become conscious; we may "recognize" that our hair is growing but cannot directly experience the biological process Nonconscious
Referring to cycles that are connected with the 24-hour period of the Earth's rotation Circadian Rhythm
Rapid low-amplitude brain waves that have been linked to feelings of relaxation Alpha Waves
The first four stages of sleep Non-Rapid-Eye-Movement Sleep (NREM)
A stage of sleep characterized by rapid eye movements, which have been linked to dreaming Rapid-Eye-Movement Sleep (REM)
Slow brain waves sometimes accompanied by a hypnagogic state Theta Waves
The drowsy interval between waking and sleeping characterized by brief, hallucinatory, dreamlike experiences Hypnagogic State
Strong, slow brain waves usually emitted during stage 3 and 4 sleep Delta Waves
The view that dreams reflect activation of cognitive activity by the reticular activating system and synthesis of this activity into a pattern Activation Synthesis Model
A "sleep attack" in which a person falls asleep suddenly and irresistibly Narcolepsy
Temporary absence or cessation of breathing while asleep Sleep Apnea
Frightening dreamlike experiences that occur during the deepest stage of NREM sleep; nightmares, in contrast, occur during REM sleep Sleep Terrors
An altered state of consciousness in which people appear to be highly suggestible and behave as though they are in a trance Hypnosis
Life work contributed to our knowledge of the power of suggestions, to modern hypnotism, and of course, to dramatic nightclub acts Franz Anton Mesmer
A theory that explains hypnotic events in terms of the person's ability to act as though he or she were hypnotized; differs from faking in that subjects cooperate and focus on hypnotic suggestions instead of pretending to be hypnotized Role Theory
The view that hypnotized people engage in strategic role enactment to bhave in the way that they imagine a good hypnotized person will behave Multifactorial Theory
The view that response expectancies play a key role in the production of the experiences suggested by the hypnotist Response Set Theory
A theory of hypnotic events as the splitting of consciousness Neodissociation Theory
The simplified form of meditation brought to the United States by the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and used as a method for coping with stress Transcendental Meditation (TM)
The systematic feeding back to an organism information about a bodily function so that the organism can gain control of that function Biofeedback Training (BFT)
An instrument that measures muscle tension Electromyograph (EMG)
Drugs that have psychological effects such as stimulation or distortion of perceptions Psychoactive Substances
A drug that lowers the rate of activity of the nervous system Depressant
A drug that increases activity of the nervous system Stimulant
Repeated use of a substance despite the fact that it is causing or compounding social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems Substance Abuse
Habituation to a drug, with the result that increasingly higher doses of the drug are needed to achieve similar effects Tolerance
A characteristic cluster of symptoms that results from a sudden decrease in an addictive drug's level of usage Abstinence Syndrome
A condition characterized by sweating, restlessness, disorientation, and hallucinations; occur in some chronic alcohol users when there is a sudden decrease in usage Delirium Tremens
A group of narcotics derived from the opium poppy that provide a euphoric rush and depress the nervous system Opiate
Drugs used to relieve pain and induce sleep; term usually reserved for opiates Narcotics
Chemicals that act on opiate receptors but are not derived from the opium poppy Opioids
A disease caused by protein deficiency in which connective fibers replace active lever cells, impeding circulation of the blood; alcohol does not contain protein, therefore persons who drink excessively may be prone to this disease Cirrhosis of the Liver
A cluster of symptoms associated with chronic alcohol abuse and characterized by confusion, memory impairment, and filling in gaps in memory with false information (confabulation) Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
An addictive depressant used to relieve anxiety or pain and to treat epilepsy, high blod pressure, and insomnia Barbiturate
Stimulants derived from alpha-methyl-beta-phenyl-ethyl-amine Amphetamines
A disorder that beings in childhood and is characterized by a persistent pattern of lack of attention with or without hyperactivity and impulsive behavior Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Chemical compounds consisting of hydrogen and carbon Hydrocarbons
Inhaling smoke from the tobacco products and exhalations of other people; also called secondhand smoking Passive Smoking
Giving rise to hallucinations Hallucinogenic
The dried vegetable matter of the Cannabis sativa plant Marijuana
Causing hallucinations, delusions, or heightened perceptions Psychedelic
A drug derived from the resin of Cannabis saliva; often called "hash" Hashish
Lysergic acid diethylamide; a hallucinogenic drug LSD
Distorted perceptions or hallucinations that occur days or weeks after LSD usage but mimic the LSD experience Flashbacks
A hallucinogenic drug derived from the mescal (peyote) cactus Mescaline
Another hallucinogenic drug whose name is an acronym for its chemical structure Phencyclidine (PCP)
Created by: Vanity