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Neo-Ped Midterm

Pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
Action an RT should take to the hearing of a sputtering sound origination from a nebulizer during a treatment Terminate treatment at the time
Reason pass-over humidifiers are preferred over pneumatic nebulizer humidifiers Pass-over humidifiers transmit fewer pathogens than pneumatic nebulizers
Most important consideration when using a LVN to provide oxygen and humidification to an infant in an incubator Preventing a large noise level from developing
Most efficacious device to deliver bronchodilator to pediatric patient with an inspiratory flow of 20LPM. SVN
Functions served by spacer and holding chambers in conjunction with pMDIs Reduction in oropharyngeal deposition of drug, elimimation of the "cold Freon effect", and Improvement in lower respiratory tract deposition
Types of patients for whom DPI is contraindicated A 4-year-old child, an 85-year- old patient with COPD, and a teenager with altered mental status
Medication with synergistic effect with beta-2 during asthma exacerbations Ipratropium bromide (atrovent)
Possible condition present if acute asthma episode does not respond favorably to Beta-2 administration Aspiration of a foreign object
Aerosol delivery devices to select in order to avoid increasing a patient's delivered tidal volume during the administration of bronchodilator to a mechanically ventilated patient pMDI, vibrating mesh nebulizer, and ultrasonic nebulizer
Likely adverse effects of nonselective beta-adrenergic agonists Tremor, tachycardia, and headaches
The brand name of Pirbuterol Maxair
A long beta-agonist Formoterol
Medication most suited for tx of postextubation edema Racemic epinephrine
One of best Rx suited to relieve revresible airflow obstruction occurring in COPD patients Ipratropium bromide
Proper dose of theophylline pediatric patient should take if theophylline was received within past 24 hours 2.5 mg/kg
Medication that works to maintain integrity of mast cell Cromolyn sodium
Reason DPIs are not recommended for children under the age of 5 They cannot generate enough respiratory flow
Medication that is a recombinat humanized monoclona anti-IgE antibody Omalizumab
Drug of choice for a 10 year old asthmatic who presents to ER with acute, extrinsically induced bronchospasm Cromolyn sodium
Medication commonly used to increase mucociliary clearance in patients with cystic fibrosis and bronchiolitis 3% hypertonic saline
Action to take if varying FiO2 is read for a neonate receiving oxygen by an oxyhood Increase the oxygen flow
Created by: bhilaire