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Neo-Ped Midterm

Fetal Lung Development and Gas Exchange and Circulation and Antenatal Assessment

QuestionAnswer
Regarding postnatal lung growth,age by which most most alveoli will be present in the lungs 1.5 years
Reasons oligohydramnios is associated with lung hypoplasia Mechanical restriction of the chest wall, interference with fetal lung liquid, failure to produce fetal lung liquid
Purpose of material secreted by the type II pneumocyte To reduce surface tension
Function of Wharton's jelly inside the umbilical cord Preventing vessels inside cord from kinking
First organ to form during first gestational week Heart
Approximate fetal heart rate by the sixth week of gestation 95 beats/minute
Anatomical fetal shunts Foramen ovale, ductius venosus, and ductus arteriosus
Event that causes cessation of right-to-left shunt through the foramen ovale Increased systemic vascular resistance
Most important risk factor for preterm birth Prior preterm delivery
Generally accepted safe limit for alcohol consuption during pregnancy to avoid development of fetal alcohol syndrome No safe range of alcohol consumption is deemed safe during pregnancy
Average birth weight difference between infants born of mothers who smoke and those born of nonsmoking mothers Infants born of mothers who smoke ten to be about 200g lighter than infants born of mothers who do not smoke
Conditions associated with preeclampsia Proteinuria, generalized edema, and hypertension
Maternal and/or fetal conditions associated with pregestational diabetes Ketoacidosis, preeclampsia, and fetal death
Drug recommended to treat a group B Streptococcus infection for a patient who is allergic to penicillin Clindamycin
Main potential problem associated with the premature rupture of membranes Fetal infection
Maternal or fetal condition(s) that can be determined or assessed via amniocentesis Maternal Rh isoimmunization and trisomy 21
Maternal complications associated with c-section Intraoperative bladder or bowel injuries and endomyometritis
Interpretation of an amniotic fluid index of 5 cm Oligohydramnios
Created by: bhilaire