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pharm drug

QuestionAnswer
Bethanechol Cholinergic, direct acting agonist on muscarinic receptors. Treatment - urinary retention
Pilocarpine Cholinergic, direct acting agonist on muscarinic receptors. Treatment - Ophthalmic miotic, glaucoma
Methacholine Cholinergic, direct acting agonist on muscarinic receptors. Treatment - Diagnostic, Asthma
Physostigmine (Neostigmine) Cholinergic, indirect acting, does not attach to receptors. Gets rid of AchE. Treatment - Muscle stimulant, myasthenia gravis, reversal of nondeopolarizing muscle relaxants
Edrophonium (Tensilon) Cholinergic, indirect acting, does not attach to receptors. Gets rid of AchE. Treatment - Diagnostic, myasthenia gravis.
Atropine Anticholinergic, antagonist. decrease secretion, speeds up heart rate, broncho dilates, asthma, counteracts diarrhea, relaxes GI and urinary, dilate pupils.
Ipratropium bromide (Atrovent) Anticholinergic, antagonist. Broncho dilator. Asthma
Isoproterenol (Isuprel) Adrenergic, agonist. Beta1&2, Treatment - bradycardia, heart block and asthma, hypotension.
Phenylephrine (Neosynephrine) Adrenergice, agonist. Alpha. Treatment - upper respiratory congestion, increase blood pressure, hemostasis, mucosal decongetion.
Propranolol Adrenergic, beta antagonist
Minipress Adrenergic, Alpha antagonist
Albuterol (proventil) Adrenergic, Beta2 agonist
Norepinephrine Adrenergic, Alpha, Beta1 agonist
Epinephrine Adrenergic, Alpha, Beta1&2 agonist
Racemic Epinephrine (vaponephrine) 1/2 the physiological effects of epinephrine -indications - post-extubation edema, croup(alpha effects) -most common bronchodilators.
Levalbuterol(xopenex) -R (levo) isomer of albuterol -available in MDI and inhalation -asthma
Arformoterol(brovana) -R (levo) isomer of formoterol. -1st rapid onset long acting (12 hrs) nebulized bronchodilator (not MDI). -COPD in long term maintenance. -not used in conjunction with other long acting bronchodilators,(salmeterol) increased asthma deaths.
What drug is excellent to combine with adrenergic products. Atrovent
Atropine side effects inhibition and drying of secretions
Ipratropium bromide (atrovent)effects. less drying of secretions
Tiotropium bromide (spririva) For maintenance of COPD. One inhaled (DPI) capsule daily.
Duoneb and Combivent are combinations of what drugs -albuterol and atrovent -contains soy, peanut allergies can not take this.
Advair is a combination of what drugs Salmetrerol (serevent) and fluticasone (flovent)which is a steroid.
Symbicort is a combination of what drugs Formoterol (Foradil) and Pulmicort which is a steroid.
Dulera is a combination of what drugs Formoterol (Foradil) and Ashmanex which is a steroid.
Metraproterenol fact resorcinol that is taken orally.
Epinephrine fact used subcutaneously in asthma attacks
Formoterol fact long acting MDI
Bitolterol fact pro-drug
Phenylephrine fact used in cold medicine.
Isoetharine fact 1st bronchodilator on the market but produced an increase heart rate.
Created by: hkirkendall75