Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Psychology Ch.5

state of being unable to move just after falling asleep or right before waking up sleep paralysis
our subjective experience of the world, our bodies, and our mental perspectives consciousness
cyclical changes that occur on a roughly 24-hour basis in many biological processes (hormone release, brain waves, body temperature) circadian rhythm
term for the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the hypothalamus that's responsible for controlling our levels of alertness biological clock
darting of the eyes underneath closed eyelids during sleep rapid eye movements (REM)
stages 1 through 4 of the sleep cycle, during which rapid eye movements do not occur and dreaming is less frequent and vivid non-REM sleep
light stage of sleep when our brain activity powers down by 50 percent or more. we may experience sudden jerks and are very confused stage 1 sleep
stage of sleep in which our brain waves slow down even more, our heart rate slows, our body temp decreases, muscles relax, and eye movements cease (65% of our time) stage 2 sleep
deep sleep, need it to feel fully rested in the morning stage 3 and 4 sleep
REM sleep, stage in which the brain is most active and during which vivid dreaming most often occurs. increased heart rate and blood pressure stage 5 sleep
experience of becoming aware that one is dreaming lucid dreaming
difficulty falling and staying asleep insomnia
disorder characterized by the rapid and often unexpected onset of sleep narcolepsy
complete loss of muscle tone cataplexy
disorder caused by a blockage of the airway during sleep, resulting in daytime fatigue sleep apnea
sudden waking episodes characterized by screaming, perspiring, and confusion followed by a return to deep sleep night terros
walking while fully asleep sleepwalking
describes dreams as the guardians of sleep. Dreams reflect a repressed unconscious wish Freud's Dream Protection
theory that dreams reflect inputs from brain activation originating in the pons, which the forebrain then attempts to weave into a story activation-synthesis theory
theory that dreams are a meaningful product of our cognitive capacities, which shape what we dream about neurocognitive theory
substance that contains chemicals similar to those found naturally in our brains that alter consciousness by changing chemical processes in neurons psychoactive drugs
beliefs and expectancies about the effect of drugs mental set
substances that change the way we think, feel, or act drugs
occurs when you experience recurrent problems associated with the drug. substance abuse
a more serious pattern of abuse leading to clinically significant impairement, distress, or both substance dependence
unpleasant effects of reducing or stopping consumption of a drug that users had consumed habitually withdrawal
dependence on a drug that occurs when people continue to take it to avoid withdrawal symptoms physical dependence
dependence on a drug that occurs when continued use of a drug is motivated by intense cravings psychological dependence
people consume alcohol and other drugs to relieve anxiety tension reduction hypothesis
depressants alcohol, sedatives (barbiturates); depress CNS; calming; sleep inducing
drug that increases activity in CNS including heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure stimulant
stimulant nicotine, tobacco, cocaine, and amphetamines
narcotics pain reliever; opiates (heroin, morphine, codeine)
psychedelics LSD, PCP, ecstasy; hallucinogenic; marijuana
Created by: rlhaas
Popular Psychology sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards