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AP Psychology

Chapter 3 vocab review

Our awareness of ourselves and our environment Consciousness
the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition Cognitive neuroscience
the principle that information is often simultaneously processed on separate conscious and unconscious tracks dual processing
the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus selective attention
failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere inattentional blindness
failing to notice changes in the environment change blindness
the biological clock circadian
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur REM sleep
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state alpha waves
periodic, natural, reversible loss of consciousness-as distinct from unconsciousness resulting from a coma sleep
false sensory experiences, such as seeing something in the absence of an external visual stimulus hallucinations
the large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep delta waves
recurring problems in falling or staying asleep insomnia
a sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks narcolepsy
a sleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and repeated momentary awakenings sleep apnea
a sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified night terrors
a sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person's mind dream
the remembered story line of a dream manifest content
the underlying meaning of a dream latent content
the tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation REM rebound
a social interaction in which one person suggest to another that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur hypnosis
a suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized posthypnotic suggestion
a split in consciousness, which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others dissociation
a chemical substance that alters perceptions and moods psychoactive drug
the diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug's effect tolerance
the discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of an addictive drug withdrawal
a physiological need for a drug, marked by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued physical dependence
compulsive drug craving and use, despite adverse consequences addiction
drugs that reduce neural activity and slow body functions depressants
drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgment barbiturates
opium and its derivatives, such as morphine and heroin; they depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety opiates
drugs that excite neural activity and speed up body functions stimulants
drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes amphetamines
a pwerfully addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system, with speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes methamphetamine
a synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen ecstasy (MDMA)
psychedelic drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input hallucinogens
a powerful hallucinogenic drug LSD
the major active ingredient in marijuana THC
an altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death near-death experience
Created by: buzz12
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