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Chap15,16,22PHCCMark

Chap. 15, 16, & 22 PHCC Mark

QuestionAnswer
When groups of neurons (nerve cells in the brain) spontaneously begin to send out electrical impulses in an abnormal uncontrolled way it is called? Epilepsy
Grand mal seizures are characterized by: 1.LOC (loss of consciousness) 2. Violent rapid contraction of muscles (tonic-clonic seizures) 3. Tongue biting 4. Incontinence of bowel and or bladder.
Petit mal seizures are characterized by: 1. Disorientation 2. Twitching(facial)
Petit mal seizures AKA absence seizures (more common i children)
Narcolepsy is a type of absence seizure characterized by: unexpected LOC
A warning sign or symptom of a impending seizure is called an: aura (sensory disturbance)
The period of time right after a seizure when the victim is confused is called: postictal period (lasts 5 to 30 minutes)
Medications to treat seizures are called: antiseizure medications or antiepileptics or anticovulsants
Dilantin generic phenytoin
Luminal generic phenobarbitol (phenobarb)
Dilantin class antiepileptic
phenytoin class antiepileptic
Luminal class antiepileptic
phenobarbitol class antiepileptic
Lamictal class antiepileptic
Keppra class antiepileptic
Topamax class antiepileptic, Medication to treat BMD
Use of Topamax during pregnancy has been linked to what birth defects: cleft labia and or cleft palate
extreme seizure activity is called: status epilepticus
Medications used to treat status epilepticus: diazepam, aka Valium or Diastat
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by: an irreversable and progressive loss of neurons in the cerebral cortex
AD manifestations include progressive difficulty with: memory, judgment, and reasoning that eventually progress to dementia
Drugs to treat AD 1. Aricept 2. Exelon 3. Namenda
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by: 1. Shaking tremors 2. Muscle rigidity 3. Bradykinesia (slowness of movement) 4. Mask-like facial expression 5. Drooling 6. Shuffling gait progressing to a loss of ability to ambulate.
PD is caused by a deficiency of neurotransmitter in the brain called: dopamine
Duodopa generic carbidopa & levodopa
Parcopa generic carbidopa & levodopa
Sinemet generic carbidopa & levodopa
Duodopa class Medication to treat PD
Parcopa class Medication to treat PD
Sinemet class Medication to treat PD
Requip class Medication to treat PD
Drugs that contain carbidopa & levodopa Duodopa, Parcopa, Sinemet
Mirapex class Medication to treat PD also used to treat RLS Restless Leg Syndrome
antiepileptic drugs include: Dilanton, phynytoin, Luminal, Phenobarbitol, Lamictal, Keppra, Topamax
Medications used to treat insomnia are called: hypnotics
Hypnotics include: Ambien, Lunesta, Rozerem, Restoril, temazepam, Dalmane, flurazepam
OTC Hypnotics include: Nytol, Somninex (These contain diphenhydramine AKA Benadryl)
Restoril generic temazepam
Dalmane generic flurazepam
Ambien class hypnotics
Lunesta class hypnotics
Rozerem class hypnotics
Restoril class hypnotics
temazepam class hypnotics
Dalmane class hypnotics
flurazepam class hypnotics
Nytol class OTC hypnotics
Sominex class OTC hypnotics
Benadryl (diphenhydramine) class OTC hypnotics and antihistmine
Common side effect of antihistamines: drowsiness
A neurosis is characterized by: anxiety, anxiousness, and tension at a more intense level than normal
Anxiety can be associated with phobias such as: 1. Acrophobia (heights) 2. Arachnophobia (spiders) 3. Ophidiophobia (snakes) 4. Agoraphobia (open spaces) 5. Claustrophobia (confined spaces)
Neuroses can also cause panic (anxiety) attacks.
Medications used to treat neuroses are called: sedatives, antianxiety drugs, minor tranquilizers
Sedatives include: Xanax, alprazolam, Librium, chlordiazepoxide, Tanxene, Valium, diazepam, Ativan, lorazepam
Sedatives can loose their effectiveness when combined with caffeine
Xanax generic alprazolam
Librium generic chlordiazepoxide
Valium generic diazepam
Ativan generic lorazepam
Xanax class sedatives
alprazolam class sedatives
Librium class sedatives
chlordiazepoxide class sedatives
Tranxene class sedatives
Valium class sedatives
diazepam class sedatives
Ativan class sedatives
lorazepam class sedatives
Psychosis is characterized by: losing touch with reality and can result in illusions, delusions, and hallucinations
A illusion is: false interpretaion of a senory stimulus (mirage)
A delusion is: false belief such as "I am Jesus Christ"
A hullucination is: sensory perception that is not caused by an external stimulus (hearing voices)
Medications used to treat psychoses are called: major tranquilizers, antipsychotics, neuroleptics
Antipsychotics include: Thorazine, chlorpromazine, Seroquel, Abilify, Risperdal, Zyprexa, haloperidol, Haldol, Catapress, Clonidine
Thorazine class Antipsychotics, Medications to treat BMD
chlorpromazine class Antipsychotics,Medications to treat BMD
Seroquel class Antipsychotics
Abilify class Antipsychotics, antidepressants, Medication to treat BMD
Risperdal class Antipsychotics, antidepressant, Medication to treat BMD
Zyprexa class Antipsychotics, Medication to treat BMD
haloperidol class Antipsychotics
Haldol class Antipsychotics also used to treat "Tourettes Syndrome"
Catapress Class Nonnicotine smoking cessation drug, antiarrythmic, and Antipsychotics, Medications used to treat ADHD
clonidine class Nonnicotine smoking cessation drug, antiarrythmic, and Antipsychotics, Medications used to treat ADHD
tourettes syndrome is characterized by: involuntary body movements, and vocal outbursts.
Major Depressive Disorder AKA clinical depression is characterized by: 1.Insomnia 2.Crying 3.Lack of pleasure in any activity 4.Anorexia 5.Suicidal feelings 6.Feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, and worthlessness
Medications used to treat MDD are called: antidepressants
Antidepressants include Lexapro, Effecor, Cymbalta, Prozac, Paxil, Abilify, Zoloft, Wellbutrin (Zyban), Pristiq
Abilify can increase the risk of: suicidal tendancies, CVA in elderly dementia patients, hyperglycemia, leukocytopenia, seizures, dysphagia, impaired judgement, impared judgement and impaired motor skills.
Lexapro class antidepressant
Effexor class antidepressant
Cymbalta class antidepressant
Prozac class antidepressant
Paxil class antidepressant
Zoloft class antidepressant
Lexapro, Paxil, Prozac, and Zoloft use during pregnancy increases the chances of birth defects such as: ASD atrial septic defect, VSD ventricular septal defect, PPHN persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate, SB spina bifida.
Wellbutrin class (Zyban) nonnicotine smoking cessation drug, antidepressant
Zyban, Wellbrutrin & Chantix can cause serious neuropsychriatric, symptoms such as changes in behavior, hostility, agitation, depressed mood, suicidal thoughts an behavior, and attempted suicide.
Pristiq class antidepressant
The interaction of Pristiq with NSAIDs or anticoagulants can cause bleeding tendencies
The interaction of Pristiq with antimigraine medication can cause Sudden Death
Side effects of Pristiq include: Hypertension, hypercholesrerolemia, Increased IOP, Intraoccular Pressure
Some antidepressants can cause suicidal tendencies in children and teens
Depression is linked to a defeciency in Omega 3 fatty acids (fish)
Manic Depressive Illness MDI is characterized by: cyclic extreme mood swings between two opposite pole of emotion
MDI (Manic Depressive Illness) is also referred to as: Bipolar Mental Disorder BMD
Medications to treat BMD include Lithobid, lithium, Seroquel, Throazine, chlorpromazine, Abilify, Risperdal, Zyprexa, Topamax
ADHD stands for Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ADHD is characterized by: inattention, impulsivity and excessive motor activity
Medications used to treat ADHD include: Focalin, Catapress, clonidine, Ritalin or Concerta, methylphenidate, Adderall
Focalin class Medications used to treat ADHD
Ritalin Class Medications used to treat ADHD
Concerta class Medications used to treat ADHD
methylphenidate class Medications used to treat ADHD
Adderall class Medications used to treat ADHD
Concerta and Ritalin generic methylphenidate
Medication to treat alcoholism Antabuse
Antabuse will not allow the alcohol to be broken down and absorbed. The mixture of alcohol and Antabuse will cause: cephalagia, (headache) vertigo, (dizziness) and N & V
Analgesic means pertaining to pain
Most narcotic analgesics can cause an addictive feeling of well being called euphoria
Many analgesics work by raising the : pain threshold
Narcotic analgesics include: Stadol, codeine, Dilaudid, Demorol, meperidine, MS Contin, Roxanol, morphine sulfate, Nubain, Oxycontin, oxycodone, Talwin
Stadol class Narcotic analgesics
codeine class Narcotic analgesic, antitussive
Dilaudid class Narcotic analgesics
Demoral generic meperidine
Demoral class Narcotic analgesics
meperidine class Narcotic analgesics
MS Contin generic morphine sulfate MSO4
Roxanol generic morphine sulfate MSO4
MS Contin class Narcotic analgesics
Roxanol class Narcotic analgesics
morphine sulfate class Narcotic analgesics
Nubain (nopain) class Narcotic analgesics
OxyContin generic oxycodone
Oxycontin class Narcotic analgesics
oxycodone class Narcotic analgesics
Talwin class Narcotic analgesics
Non-narcotic analgesics include: Acetaminophen (APAP) AKA Panadol or Tylenol, Aspirin, Anacin, Bayer, Ecotrin, Empirin
Acetaminophen class Non-narcotic analgesic & antipyretic
Panadol class Non-narcotic analgesic & antipyretic
Tylenol class Non-narcotic analgesic & antipyretic
Acetaminophen combined with Gingko Bilboa can lead to: Bleeding problems
Annually,_______ American's develop liver damage from acetaminophen overdose. 56,000
____% of acute liver failure in America is linked to acetaminophen overdose. 50
Aspirin (ASA) class anticoagulant, non-narcotic analgesic, NSAID, anti-inflamatory, antipyretic
Anacin class anticoagulant, non-narcotic analgesic, NSAID, anti-inflamatory, antipyretic
Bayer Class anticoagulant, non-narcotic analgesic, NSAID, anti-inflamatory, antipyretic
Ecotrin Class anticoagulant, non-narcotic analgesic, NSAID, anti-inflamatory, antipyretic
Empirin Class anticoagulant, non-narcotic analgesic, NSAID, anti-inflamatory, antipyretic
Buffered ASA medications include: Alka Seltzer, Ascriptin, Bayer, Bufferin
Buffers include 1. Al-aluminum 2. Mg-magnesium 3. Ca-Calcium 4. NaHCO3- Sodium Bicarbonate
ASA, APAP, diphenhydramine and caffeine combination drugs include: 1.Anacin Maximum Strength (ASA+caffeine) 2.Bayer PM (ASA+diphenhydramine) 3.Vanquish (ASA+APAP+Caffeine) 4.Excedrin Extra Strength or Excedrine Migraine (ASA+APAP+caffeine)
Combination narcotic and non-narcotic analgesics include: 1.Empirin #3 (codeine and ASA) 2.Percodan or Roxipirin (oxycodone and ASA) 3.Percocet or Roxilox, Roxicet, Tylox, Endocet (oxycodone+APAP) 4.Tylenol#3 (codeine+APAP) 5. Vicodin (hydrococne+APAP)
Narcotic and Non-narcotic analgesic combined to produce a _________ effect. synergistic
NSAIDs include: 1.Ansaid, 2.Indocin (indometacin)3.Naprosyn or Aleve (naproxen) 4.Feldene 5.Clinoril 6.Celebrex 7. Advil+Motrin (ibuprofen)
Ibuprofen Class antipyretic, non-narcotic analgesic & NSAID
A Migrain is: A Chronic, severe, usually temporal headache (H/A) accompanied by N+V and photophobia.
Medications used to treat Migraines include: 1.Imitrex, 2.Tenormin, atenolol, 3.Lopressor or Toprol metoprolol, 4.Corgard nadolol, 5.Indral propanolol 6.Cardizem diltiazem, 7.Calan verapamil, 8.Ergomar ergotamine, 9.Treximet, 10.Topamax
A condition of no feeling or nervous sensation: Anesthesia
General anesthesia involves a: Loss of Consciousness (LOC)
Local anesthesia involves a: amall area of skin and adjacent tissue.
Regional anesthesia involves a: nerve block
Spinal anesthesia involves the subarachnoid space
Epidural anesthesia involves the epidural space
Anesthetics includes: 1.Solarcaine, 2.Xylocain or lidocaine, 3.Marcaine, 4.Novocain or procaine 5.Pontocaine
Induction of anesthesia refers to: the initial anesthesia that causes LOC.
After induction of anesthesia other anesthesia is administered to: Place the patient in a coma.
Medications used as an induction anesthetic includes: 1.etomidate, 2.Pentothal
A neuromuscular blocker causes: muscular paralysis
Muscular blockers include: Anextine aka succinylcholine ("succs")
A preoperative medication designed to decrease airway secretions is called: atropine
Alka-Seltzer class anticoagulant, non-narcotic analgesic, NSAID, anti-inflamatory, antipyretic
Ascriptin class anticoagulant, non-narcotic analgesic, NSAID, anti-inflamatory, antipyretic
Bufferin class anticoagulant, non-narcotic analgesic, NSAID, anti-inflamatory, antipyretic
Anacin Maximum Strength contains ASA & caffeine
Bayer PM contains ASA & diphenhydramine
Vanquish contains ASA & APAP & caffeine
Excedrine Extra Strength & Excederine Migraine contain: ASA & APAP & caffeine
Empirin #3 contains ASA & codeine
Percodan & Roxipirn contain ASA & oxycodone
Percocet, Roxilox, Roxicet, Tylox & Endocet contain APAP & oxycodone
Vicodan contains APAP and hydrocodone
Ansaid class NSAID
Indocin class NSAID
indomethacin class NSAID
Indocin generic indomethacin
Naprosyn and Aleve Generic naproxen
Naprosyn class NSAID
Aleve Class NSAID
indomethacin class NSAID
Feldene class NSAID
Clinoril class NSAID
Celebrex class NSAID
Advil and Motrin Generic ibuprofen
Advil class NSAID & antipyretic
Motrin class NSAID & antipyretic
ibuprofen class NSAID & antipyretic
Imitrex Class Medication used to treat Migraines
atenolol Class Medication used to treat Migraines, Antianginal
Tenormin Class Medication used to treat Migraines, Antianginal
Lopressor Class Medication used to treat Migraines antianginal & antihypertensive
Toprol Class Medication used to treat Migraines antianginal & antihypertensive
metoprolol Class Medication used to treat Migraines antianginal & antihypertensive
Corgard Class Medication used to treat Migraines antianginal & antihypertensive
Inderal Class Medication used to treat Migraines, antianginal, antihypertensives, and antiarrythmics
Propranolol Class Medication used to treat Migraines, antianginal, antihypertensives, and antiarrythmics
Cardizem Class Medication used to treat Migraines, antianginal, antihypertensives, and antiarrythmics
Diltiazem Class Medication used to treat Migraines, antianginal, antihypertensives, and antiarrythmics
Calan Class Medication used to treat Migraines, antianginal, antihypertensives, and antiarrythmics
Verapamil Class Medication used to treat Migraines, antianginal, antihypertensives, and antiarrythmics
Ergomar Class Medication used to treat Migraines
ergotamine Class Medication used to treat Migraines
Treximet Class Medication used to treat Migraines
Topamax Class Medication used to treat Migraines
Solarcaine class Anesthetic
Xylocaine Class Anesthetic
lidocaine Class Anesthetic
Marcaine Class Anesthetic
Novocain Class Anesthetic
procaine class Anesthetic
Pontocaine class Anesthetic
etomidate class induction Anesthetic
Pentothal class induction Anesthetic
Anectine Class Neuromuscular blocker
succinylcholine ("succs") Neuromuscular blocker
atropine class Preoperative medication to reduce airway secretions, Emergency Medication to treat Bradycardia
Created by: hilander62