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# 2 Places & Regions

Unit 2 Social Studies Places and Regions

archipelago a chain of islands
bay a small body of salt water that is partially surrounded by land
cape a point of land that sticks out into a body of water
delta a buildup of sand and silt at the mouth of a river
gulf a part of an ocean or a sea that reaches into land
island land that is surrounded by water on all sides
plateau a flat, high piece of land; looks like a table
river a body of water that flows through the land into an ocean, a lake, or another larger body of water
sea a large body of water, usually salt water, that is surrounded partly or completely by land
strait a narrow, natural waterway that connects two larger bodies of water
volcano a hill or a mountain made up of rock or ash that has been thrown from inside the earth; often has an opening at the top
mountain land that is much higher than the area around it; usually has a pointed top and is higher than a hill
ocean the large body of salt water that covers 71% of the earth's surface
peninsula a piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides
isthmus a narrow strip of land that connects two large pieces of land and has water on both sides
lake a large body of water that is surrounded by land
canyon a narrow valley with steep sides
canal a man-made waterway that connects two larget bodies of water
hill a raised, rounded part of the earth's surface that is smaller than a mountain
mountain range a row of mountains
mouth the place where a river empties into a larger body of water
plain a mostly flat, low area
source the place where a river starts
swamp an area of low, wet land that is always soaked with water and has grass and trees
tributary a small river that flows into a larger river
valley the low land between mountains or hills
landform a feature that makes up the earth's surface
climate the average weather conditions of an area over a long period of time
weather the day-to-day conditions and changes in the earth's atmosphere
deciduous trees trees that lose their leaves once a year
mesothermal medium temperature
coniferous forest a forest made up of evergreen trees with needle-shaped leaves
microthermal low temperature
culture the way of life of a group of people
cultural diffusion the spread of culture
cultural geography the study of human interaction with the lan
official language the language in which a country's government and education are conducted
vernacular language the everyday language that most people speak
immigrant a person who enters a country to live there permanently
megalopolis a metropolitan area made up of two or more cities
metropolitan area a central city, its suburbs, and the surrounding counties
suburbs the areas around a central city where people live
urban area a city and the places around the city
boundary a line that shows the border between two countries, states, counties, or other political units
ethnic boundary a boundary that separates the land of one ethnic group from that of another
ethnic group a group of people who share a common race, culture, and nationality
geometric boundary a boundary made up of straight lines
natural boundary a boundary that is made because of a landform
Created by: MrsStevenson