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Pharmacology Chap 17

Test 2 Ch. 17

QuestionAnswer
Akathisia Inability to remain still; constantly moving.
Delusions False ideas and beliefs not founded in reality.
Dopamine type 2 (D2) receptor Receptor for dopamine in the basal nuclei of the brain that is associated with schizophrenia and antipsychotic drugs.
Dystonia Severe muscle spasms, particularly of the back, neck, tongue, and face; characterized by abnormal tension starting in one area of the body and progressing to other areas.
Extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) Symptoms of acute dystonia, akathisia, parkinsonism, and tardive dyskinesia often caused by antipsychotic drugs.
Hallucinations Seeing, hearing, or feeling something that is not real.
Illusions Distorted perception of actual sensory stimuli.
Negative symptoms In schizophrenia, symptoms that subtract from normal behavior, including a lack of interest, motivation, responsiveness, or pleasure in daily activities.
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) Potentially fatal condition caused by certain antipsychotic medications characterized by an extremely high body temperature, drowsiness, changing blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, and muscle rigidity.
Neuroleptics Drug used to treat "nervous-type" conditions like psychoses.
Paranoia Having an extreme suspicion and delusion that one is being followed and that others are trying to inflict harm.
Parkinsonism Having tremor, muscle rigidity, stooped posture, and a shuffling gait.
Positive symptoms In schizophrenia, symptoms that add to normal behavior, including hallucinations, delusions, and a disorganized thought or speech pattern.
Schizoaffective disorder Psychosis with symptoms of both schizophrenia and mood disorders.
Schizophrenia Psychosis characterized by abnormal thoughts and thought processes, withdrawal from other people and the outside environment, and apparent preoccupation with one's own mental state.
Tardive dyskinesia Unusual tongue and face movements such as lip smacking and wormlike motions of the tongue that occur during pharmacotherapy with certain antipsychotics.
Created by: 1SmartLady