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Ab Psych Chapter 6

Abnormal Psychology Clinical and Scientific Perspectives

Panic Attack Rapidly developing sense of intense fear and anxiety.
Agoraphobia Anxiety about being in places from which escape would be difficult in the event of a panic attack.
Interoceptive Relating to internal, physiological stimuli.
Exteroceptive Relating to external, environmental stimuli.
Two-factor theory Theory that both Pavlovian and operant influences maintain phobic behavior.
Obsessions Intrusive thoughts that are difficult to stop or control
Compulsions Actions that one feels compelled to perform
Anxiety disorder affect about "blank" of the population at some point in their lives. 28%
"Blank" is a chronic sensation without being clearly associated with any specific stimulus Anxiety
As in the case of all "blank" conditions, the Anxiety Disorders cause interference with or impairment of normal functioning. Axis I
Panic Disorder affects up to "blank" of the population at some point in life. 5%
The term "blank" is defined as relating to internal, physiological stimuli, while the term "blank" is defined as relating to external, environmental stimuli. Interoceptive, exteroceptive
As treatment for Panic Disorder, "blank" may produce dependence and most patients experience a relapse when medications are discontinued. Benzodiazepines
"Blank" therapies for Panic Disorder appear to be more effective and less subject to relapse. Cognitive-Behavioral
Fear of strangers is known as xenophobia
This is the least common type of obsessions seen in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. ritualized counting
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder usually follows a(n) "blank" course with symptoms "blank" during periods of stress. Chronic; Worsening
People with Generalized Anxiety Disorder experience all of the following except: Panic Attacks
In terms of the Anxiety Disorders, this may be a more effective treatment and carry a lower rate of relapse after the end of therapy. cognitive-behavioral interventions
A variation that may occur in acute fear is "blank". fainting
Benzodiazepines are "blank" enhancers and reduce anxiety and panic symptoms. GABA
These therapies for Panic Disorder typically involve exposure to feared interoceptive or exteroceptive stimuli with the goal of extinction of the anxiety response an the catastrophic expectations that accompany it. Behavioral and Cognitive-behavioral
Sharon's intense, irrational fear of ladders would most likely be an example of "blank" phobia
Women are diagnosed with phobias "blank" men. twice as often as
In two-factor theory, the acquisition of specific phobias occurs through Pavlovian conditioning and the maintenance of the phobic behavior occurs through "blank". Operant Conditioning
The activation of the "blank" results in abrupt dilation of the blood vessels in the viscera, slowing of the heartbeat, a drop in blood pressure, and loss of muscle tone. Parasympathetic nervous system
A(n) panic attack is a rapidly developing sense of intense fear and anxiety which progresses to a peak within "blank" minutes of onset. 10 minutes
This disorder gets its name from the Greek for fear of the marketplace. Agoraphobia
This disorder may occur with or without agoraphobia Panic
In the case of some subtypes of anxiety, the female to male ratio is "blank" 3 to 1
Kate has experiences recurrent, spontaneous and unexpected panic attacks. She has anxiety about future attacks and their consequences. Kate is suffering from "blank". Panic Disorder
The most common pattern of attacks appears to be a(n) "blank" one of waxing and waning. Chronic
First degree relatives of Panic Disorder victims are up to "blank" times more likely to also show the disorder. 8
Panic attacks involve intense activity in parts of the brain involved in fear and emotional arousal such as the "blank". amygdala
From the biological perspective, treatments for panic disorder have included minor tranquilizers such as Benzodiazepines
This is the most reliable diagnosis in the anxiety disorder category. Specific Phobia
Fear of high places is known as Acrophobia
This arguably remains the most validated and plausible account of the etiology of phobias at this time The comprehensive contemporary learning model
Developed by Wolpe, this primary(and the most effective) therapy is used to treat Specific Phobias. systematic desensitization
Pharmacologically, "blank" appear to be effective in short-term relief for social anxiety. benzodiazepines
"Blank" are actions that one feels compelled to perform and are difficult to stop or control while "blank" are intrusive unwanted thoughts that are difficult to stop or control. Compulsions, obsessions
For a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, the obsessions and compulsions are time-consuming, occupying at least "blank". one hour per day
The lifetime prevalence of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is about "blank" of the population. 2.5%
Some brain studies utilizing PET scans have reported higher levels of activity in the "blank" of the left hemisphere for those with OCD as compared to those without OCD. Orbital frontal cortex
This is the most common medical treatment for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. antidepressant medications
People with "blank" find their worries difficult to control, distressing, and physically troublesome. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
People with Generalized Anxiety Disorder do not experience "blank" Panic Attacks
For Generalized Anxiety Disorder, medications such as "blank" are helpful for the short-term relief of symptoms. Benzodiazepines
For Generalized Anxiety Disorder, medications such as "blank" are effective for longer term treatment. SSRIs
Created by: apontep
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