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Geography Vocab 7th

Mr. Johnston's 7th grade vocab

Geography The study of where people, places, and things are located and how they relate to each other.
Absolute Location position on the earth
Hemisphere Halves
Relative Location relation compared to other places
Formal Region area in which certain characteristics are found throughout the area
Functional Region consist of a central place and the surrounding places affected by it
Perceptual Region defined by people’s feelings and attitudes and areas
Core Center
Mantel thick layer of rock around the core
Crust rocky surface area
Lithosphere surface features of the earth including soil, rock, and landforms
Atmosphere layer of gas, water vapor, and other substances above the earth
Hydrosphere the water contained in the oceans, lakes, rivers, and under ground
Biosphere the world of plants, animals, and other living things in the earth’s land and water
Continent any of the Earth’s seven large landmasses of the earth’s surface
Plate Tectonics theory that the earth’s outer shell is not one solid sheet of rock
Ring of Fire a circle of volcanoes surrounding the Pacific Ocean
Weathering the breakdown of rock at or near the earth’s surface into smaller pieces
Mechanical/Physical Weathering the breaking up or physical weakening of rock by forces such as ice and roots
Chemical Weathering the altering of a rock’s chemical makeup by changing the minerals that form the rock or combining them with mew chemical elements
Acid Rain when chemicals in the polluted air combine with water vapor, falling to the earth
Erosion the movement of weathered material, such as gravel, soil, and sand
Glaciers huge, slow-moving sheets of ice
GIS (Geographic information system) the uses of computer technology to collect, manipulate, analyze, and display data about the earth’s surface in order to solve problems.
5 Themes of Geography Place, Region, Human-Environmental Interaction, Location, and Movement
Created by: circusdefect



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