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adlerian Theory

chapt5

QuestionAnswer
Inferior feelings make a person strive for? Mastery, success, and completion.
Phenomenological The attempt to view the world from the client's subjective frame of reference. (Subjective Reality)
Individual Psychology How Adler described his approach, wanting to avoid reductionism, placing emphasis on the need to understand the person as a WHOLE
Holistic Concept All the aspects of ourselves must be understood, instead of parts.
Fictional Finalism( guiding self ideal) Refers to the imagined life goal that guides a person's behavior.
Lifestyle Refers to how we see ourselves, others, and the world.
Social Interest How we interact with the community and view how we are concerned with one another.
Community Feeling Embodies the feeling of being connected to all of humanity
Birth Order The increased probability of having a certain set of experiences, but not as important as how a person views their role in the family.
Oldest Child Generally receives a good deal of attention, somewhat spoiled, center of attention, dependable, hard working, strives to keep ahead, believes the newcomer as an intruder
Second Child Behaves as in a race, generally competitive to surpass the older child, often opposite of the first born
Middle child Feels squeezed out, may feel life is unfair and that they have been cheated out of life. May assume a "poor me" attitude and may become a problem child. May at times play the peacemaker.
Youngest Child The baby of the family, and tends to be the most pampered, developing a helplessness attitude and puts others' at their service, tend to go their own way, to outshine everyone.
Only Child May be high achievement driven
Task in order to be happy Friendship, useful meaningful work, Intimacy, Self Acceptance, Spiritual Development
Type of therapy that Adler believed Cognitive
People who came to counseling we considered to be Discouraged
phase 1 of adlerian therapy Establish relationships between client and counselor
Phase 2 of Adlerian Therapy Explore individual dynamics
Phase 3 of Adlerian Therapy Encourage insight, the development of self-understanding
Phase 4 of Adlerian Therapy Help clients reorient, encourage to get out of comfort zone
The therapist role Therapist is active and co-working with client
Subjective interview The counselor helps the client to tell his or her life story as completely as possible
Objective Interview The seeking of the discovering information about how problems began, any precipitating events, medical history current or past, social history, the reasoning began choice of therapy, previous coping task, lifestyle assessment
Insight Understanding of the motivations that operate in a client's life.
Interpretation The clients underlying motives for behaving the way they do in the here and now.
Reorientation Involves in shifting rules of interaction, process, and motivation
Encouragement Showing faith in people, expecting them to assume responsibility for their lives, and valuing them for who they are
Therapeutic Goal Identify Mistaken goals and Faulty assumptions
Courage The willingness to act even when fearful in ways that are consistent with social interest
Created by: 209501625