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Ch. 2 - Soc. Studies

6th SMS - Section 1 "Our Planet, the Earth"

QuestionAnswer
Oval-shaped path of the earth as it travels around the sun ORBIT
Earth's complete circular journey around the sun takes 365 days, creating different seasons for some regions at certain times of the year REVOLUTION
An imaginary line running through the North and South poles, which the earth turns around AXIS
Each complete turn of the earth on its axis, which takes 24 hours (creates day and night, based on which hemisphere is facing towards or away from the sun) ROTATION
Area between the Tropic of Cancer (23.5 degrees North) and the Tropc of Capricorn (23.5 degrees South) on each side of the equator (0 degrees latitude) which recieves direct sunlight at some time during the year and is almost always hot LOW LATITUDES, or "Tropics"
the number of times each year that the sun is directly over the Equator 2
The Spring Equinox occurs when the sun is directly over the equator, on what date? March 21st (first day of Spring)
The Fall Equinox also occurs when the sun is directly over the equator, on what date? September 23rd (first day of Fall)
The Summer Solstice occurs when the sun is directly above the Tropic of cancer (23.5 degrees North latitude). What is the date that this happens each year? June 21 or 22 (first day of summer)
The Winter Solstice occurs when the sun is directly above the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5 degrees South latitude). What is the date that this happens each year? December 21 or 22 (first day of winter)
The region north of the equator from 66.5 degrees north to 0 degrees north latitude that forms the Arctic Circle HIGH LATITUDES, near the "Poles"; they never recieve direct sunlight and it the climate is cool to bitterly cold
Region with four disticnt seasons which recieves fairly direct sunlight part of the year and fairly indirect sunlight the rest of the year. MIDDLE LATITUDES (the "temperate zones" - with four seasons that each have their own patterns of daylight, temperature and weather lasting for approx. 3 months at a time)
Created by: SimardRR