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Foot,Ankle,Leg

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FOOT   26 BONES  
14 PHALANGES   BONES OF TOE  
5 METATRSALS   BONES OF INSTEP  
7 TARSALS   BONES OF ANKLE  
WALKING, SUPPORTING BODY WEIGHT   THINGS FOOT DOES  
FOREFOOT   METATARSALS AND TOES  
midfoot   5 tarsals  
hindfoot   talus and calcaneous  
midfoot   cuniforms, navicular, cuboid  
longitudinal and tranverse arches   shock absorber that distributes body weight in all directions  
superior side of foot   dorsum  
inferior side of foot   plantar surface  
big (great) toe   medial toe only two phalanx distal and proximal NO MIDDLE  
metatarsals   body and two ends base and head, FIVE HEADS FORM BASE OF FOOT  
1st metatrsal   shortest and thickest  
2nd metatrsal   longest  
base of 5th metatrsal   prominent tuberosity common site for fractures  
7 tarsals in foot   Calcaneuos,talus, navicular,cuboid, medial cuneiform,intermediate cuneiform, lateral cuneiform.  
begining at the medial side of the foot the cuneiforms are described as   medial, intermediate, lateral.  
the calcaneous   largest and strongest tarsal (os Calsis)  
calcaneous angle   30 degrees  
posterior and inferior parts of the calcaneous attach to   the achilles tendon  
the talus   second largestr tarsal bone  
talus   articulates with four bones( tibia, fibula, calcaneous, and navicular.  
cuboid   lateral side3 of the foot between calcaneous and 4th and 5th metatrsals  
navicular   between talus and three cuneiforms  
cuniforms   central and medial aspect of the foot between the navicular , first second and third metatarsals  
medial cuneiform   largest  
the intermediadte cunieform   smal,est  
7 tarsal pneumonic   CHUBBY ( calcaneous) TWISTED (Talus) Never (Navicular) Could (cuboid) CHA (Cunieform-medial) CHA ( cunieform -intermediate) CHA (cunieform-lateral)  
sesamoid bones   beneath the head of the first metatarsal embeded w/in the tendons (common site of fracture)  
Leg   tibia and fibula  
tibia   second largest bone in body medial side weight bearing bone  
fibula   lateral side of leg bears no weight  
tbia   makes up most of the mortise and articulates with the talus  
femur   longest, strongestb and heaviest bone in body  
when femur is vertical   the medial condyle is lower than the lateral  
becasue the lateral epicondyle on the femur is lower   the central ray is angled 5m to 7 degress cephalaud to open the joint  
the superior portion of the femur articulates with   the acetabulum of thehip joint  
patella   knee cap  


   





 
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Created by: supertech1 on 2008-03-04



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