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foot,ankle& lil' leg

Foot,Ankle,Leg

QuestionAnswer
FOOT 26 BONES
14 PHALANGES BONES OF TOE
5 METATRSALS BONES OF INSTEP
7 TARSALS BONES OF ANKLE
WALKING, SUPPORTING BODY WEIGHT THINGS FOOT DOES
FOREFOOT METATARSALS AND TOES
midfoot 5 tarsals
hindfoot talus and calcaneous
midfoot cuniforms, navicular, cuboid
longitudinal and tranverse arches shock absorber that distributes body weight in all directions
superior side of foot dorsum
inferior side of foot plantar surface
big (great) toe medial toe only two phalanx distal and proximal NO MIDDLE
metatarsals body and two ends base and head, FIVE HEADS FORM BASE OF FOOT
1st metatrsal shortest and thickest
2nd metatrsal longest
base of 5th metatrsal prominent tuberosity common site for fractures
7 tarsals in foot Calcaneuos,talus, navicular,cuboid, medial cuneiform,intermediate cuneiform, lateral cuneiform.
begining at the medial side of the foot the cuneiforms are described as medial, intermediate, lateral.
the calcaneous largest and strongest tarsal (os Calsis)
calcaneous angle 30 degrees
posterior and inferior parts of the calcaneous attach to the achilles tendon
the talus second largestr tarsal bone
talus articulates with four bones( tibia, fibula, calcaneous, and navicular.
cuboid lateral side3 of the foot between calcaneous and 4th and 5th metatrsals
navicular between talus and three cuneiforms
cuniforms central and medial aspect of the foot between the navicular , first second and third metatarsals
medial cuneiform largest
the intermediadte cunieform smal,est
7 tarsal pneumonic CHUBBY ( calcaneous) TWISTED (Talus) Never (Navicular) Could (cuboid) CHA (Cunieform-medial) CHA ( cunieform -intermediate) CHA (cunieform-lateral)
sesamoid bones beneath the head of the first metatarsal embeded w/in the tendons (common site of fracture)
Leg tibia and fibula
tibia second largest bone in body medial side weight bearing bone
fibula lateral side of leg bears no weight
tbia makes up most of the mortise and articulates with the talus
femur longest, strongestb and heaviest bone in body
when femur is vertical the medial condyle is lower than the lateral
becasue the lateral epicondyle on the femur is lower the central ray is angled 5m to 7 degress cephalaud to open the joint
the superior portion of the femur articulates with the acetabulum of thehip joint
patella knee cap
Created by: supertech1 on 2008-03-04



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