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Small group communication

Bormann and Bormann's Definition of small group comm: it's one or more meetings of a small group of ppl who communicate face to face in order to fulfill a common purpose or achieve a common goal
Hill's definition of small group comm: the process of communication in which a # of ppl who are both dependent upon and independent from each other meet in coordinated activity to accomplish personal goals, or shared goals, or both
What are the 4 approaches to groups? rhetorical, humane, group dynamics, and systems analysis
Rhetorical: the art of discovering the available means of persuasion within a specific context
humane: interpersonal relationships, feelings, attitudes, etc.
group dynamics: scientific; test things in labs
Systems analysis: the identification of key internal and external components and their interaction
What does systems analysis do? covers all other approaches (umbrella)
what are the two types of systems analysis? closed system and open system
closed system: this entity does not interact w/the environment (dangerous)
open system: this entity does interact with the environment (good)
what are the 4 types of groups? Primary, Secondary, Public, Private
Primary: a group that's open and honest with each other, intimate, and where members feel free to reveal their personality
secondary: less intimate, less open, and where members invest only a portion of their personality
public: secondary; 3 types
private: primary or secondary; 3 types
what are the three types of public groups? panel discussion, symposium, and colloquium
panel discussion: moderator (not a member), the rest are knowledgable on the subject. purpose = to share info on the subject
symposium: collection of speeches; moderator (not a member); collection of speakers who individually give speeches
colloquium; same as panel BUT audience can participate (Q and A)
What are four types of private groups? problem-solving, appraisal groups, advisory group, social group
problem-solving: analyze problem, create solution, and carry out solution
appraisal group: fact-finding; recommend solutions, but no power to carry out solution
advisory group: advise as to what course of action he/she should take on a problem
social Group: self-help group (study group, cancer survivors, etc.)
what is the ideal/statistically most successful number for a group? 5 or 7
what is an adhoc group? a group made for the moment and no other time (get together to study on the spur of the moment)
What are the five traits of a group? interdependence, interaction, networks of comm., goals, and roles
interaction: all members interact (one thing effects everything) = circularity
circularity: like the ripple effect
interdependence: reliance on each other.
synergy: coming up with something new unexpectedly
equifinality: there are many different ways
networks of communication: the flow of a message within a group
what are the three types of networks? wheel, circle, and all channel
wheel: good for crisis situation; all message flow from leader to others; leader in middle
circle: everyone's opinion matters equally; all participate; all held responsible for decisions/outcomes of decisions
all channel: sloppy but can be highly effective; can get side-tracked as everyone communicates; everyone is involved, therefore good chance for new ideas (synergy)
goals: every group has goals (an end state)
what are the two basic goals of a group? task and social (a successful group has both)
task: what the group is trying to accomplish
social: interpersonal stuff
roles: a standard of expected behavior within a given social context
what are the two main types of roles? task and social
what are the 5 types of task roles? leader, coordinator, info. seeker, info. giver, recorder
what are the 4 types of social roles? gate keeper, supporter, compromiser, and energizer
Leader: a person who displays more influence over other ppl than they do over him/her
traits: certain characteristics of a leader
trait theory: certain characteristics help decide leaders (etc. president = white male)
what are the three leadership styles? autocratic, democratic, and Laissez-faire
autocratic: leader tells everyone what to do
democratic: all members participate; opinions
Laissez-faire: leader minus leader; hands-off approach
which is best? depends on the situation, a leader should switch between all of the styles
functional approach: function of group dictates leader
social leader: works with ppl to solve problems
What are some communication skills for leaders? don't manipulate, pay price for leadership, take time to listen, make tough decisions, talk up, do your homework, make personal sacrifices, raise the status of members, create group cohesion
How does a leader create group cohesion? establish group identity and tradition; emphasize teamwork, treat ppl as humans
Created by: kelseyrae