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Synovial joints

Types of joints

QuestionAnswer
gliding joint (plane) uniaxial movement They have flattened or slightly curved surfaces, and most glide slightly in only one axis. This is the simplest synovial joint. (permit slight movement)
What are examples of gliding joints? (plane) the intercarpal and intertarsal joints of the wrist and foot
hinge joint (ginglymus) uniaxial movement. A hinge joint permits only flexion and extention. Motion is simular to that of a door.
What are examples of hinge joints? (ginglymus) elbow, knee and ankle
pivot joint (trochoid) uniaxial movement. Only allows rotation around a single axis.
What are examples of pivot joints? (trochoid) articulation of the atlas and axis of the cervical spine
ellipsoid joint (condyloid) biaxial movement. Permits movement in two directions at right angles to each other. Flexion and extention occur along with abduction and adduction. Circumduction, a combo of both movements, can also occur.
What is an example of ellipsoid joints (condyloid) radiocarpal joint
saddle joints (sellar) biaxial movement. Permits movement in two axes, simular to the ellipsoid joint.
What is an example of the saddle joint? (sellar) carpometacarpal joint
ball and socket joint (spheroid) multi-axial movement. Permits movement in many axes: flexion and extention, abduction and adduction, circumduction, and rotation.
What are examples of ball and socket joints? (spheroid) hip and shoulder
Created by: ladyhope819 on 2007-08-26



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