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biochem-vitamins

QuestionAnswer
A Retinol, Beta Carotene
D Calciferol
E Tocopherole
K Phyllochinone
What A does? vision, mucous membrane, bone structure infants
A deficient? dry skin eyes mucous membrane, retarted growth, night blindness
What D does? absorb Ca and P
D deficient? rickets, osteomalacia
What E does? antioxidant-prevent free radicals, integrity cell membrane
E deficient? athersclerosis, cardiovascular disease
What K does? klotting cofactor
K deficient? rare
B1 Thiamine
What B1 Does? carb metabloism, ribose, aldehyde transport
B1 deficient? Beriberi- heart failure, Wernicke-Korsakoff- confusion (alcoholics)
B2 Riboflavin
What B2 does? metabolism fatty acids and carbs, FAD
B2 deficient? eye skin problems, mouth inflammation
B3 Niacin
What B3 does? redox reactions, NAD
B3 deficinet? Pellagra- diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia, death
B5 Pantothenic Acid
What B5 does? coenzyme A (Co A), carrier carbon fragments
B5 deficient? rare
B6 Pyridoxine
What B6 does? enzymes in protein metabolism
B6 deficient? anemia
B7 Biotin
What B7 does? carboxylizes pyruvate to form OAA, acetyl Co A-Krebs
B7 deficient? rare- raw egg whites, long term antibiotic use
B9 Folic Acid
What B9 does? pervent neural tube defects and heart disease
B9 deficient? stop DNA synthesis, megaloblastic anemia
B12 Cobalamine
What B12 does? healthy nerve and RBC, need intrinsic factor to absorb...elderly have trouble= pernicious anemia
B12 deficient? reduced levels hemoglobin, NS impairment, SC lesions, loss muscle control, GI problems
C Ascorbic acid
What C does? healing, activates enzymes
C deficient? gum bleeding, joint pain, scurvy
Created by: tenchica27 on 2011-10-31



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