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SPED 326-eb

understanding students with communication disorders

Speech Disorder Difficulty producing sounds as well as disorders of voice quality or fluency of speech, often referred to as stuttering
Language Disorder Difficulty receiving, understanding, or formulating ideas and information
Receptive Language Disorder Difficulty receiving or understanding information
Expressive Language Disorder Difficulty formulating ideas and information
Cleft Palate or Lip Condition in which a person has a split in the upper oral cavity or upper lip
Dialect A language variation that a group of individuals use and that reflects shared regional, social, or cultural/ethnic factors
Speech The oral expression of language
Language A structured, shared, rule-governed, symbolic system for communicating
Phonology Use of sounds to make meaningful syllables and words
morphology the system that governs the structure of words
syntax provides rules for putting together a series of words to form sentences
semantics the meaning of what is expressed
pragmatics the use of communication in context
social interaction theories emphasize that communication skills are learned through social interactions
articulation a speaker's production of individual or sequenced sounds
substitutions occurs when a person substitutes one sound for another
omissions occur when a person leaves a phenome out of a word
addition occur when persons place a vowel between two consonants
distortions modifications of the production of a phenome in a word
apraxia a motor speech disorder that affects the way in which a student plans to produce speech
pitch affected by the tension and size of the vocal folds and the health of the larynx
duration the length of time any speech sound requires
intensity loudness or softness
resonance the perceived quality of someones voice
hypernasality air is allowed to pass through the nasal cavity on sounds
hyponasality air cannot pass through the nose and comes through the mouth instead
fluency rate and rhythm of speaking
specific language impairment not related to any physical or intellectual disability
organic disorders those caused by an identifiable problem in the neuromuscular mechanism of the person
functional disorders those with no identifiable organic or neurological cause
congenital disorder a disorder that occurs at or before birth
acquired disorders a disorder that occurs well after birth
oral motor exam the examination of the appearance, strength, and range of motion of the lips, tongue, palate, teeth, and jaw
bilingual uses two languages equally well
bidialectal uses two variations of a language
system for augmenting language (SAL) focuses on augmented input of language
Created by: ebrummer