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208a

Joints

QuestionAnswer
Refers to a joint that does not move. EX sutures Synarthrosis
Refers to a joint has very limited motion. The articular surfaces that form these joints are covered by fibrous cartilage or cushioned by disk of fibrous cartilage. EX. spinal vertebrae and sacroiliac joints. Amphiarthrosis
Refers to a joint that can move freely. Joints are shaped together to accomplish the required movement, and their articular surfaces are covered by articular cartilage. EX. shoulder, elbow, hip, knee Diarthrosis
Ability to move in a circle. Circumduction
Ability to move back and forth in one plane, to bend, hindge joints Angular motion
Ability to turn on an axis. Ex. elbow joint Rotation
Occurs when one bone slides over another. EX. kneecap Gliding motion
Movement of an arm or leg away from the center part of the body. Abduct/abduction
Movement of an arm or leg toward the central part of the body. Adduct/Adduction
Turning outward, typically used to describe ankle motion. Evert/eversion
Straightening of a hinge joint; backward bending of the spine Extend/extension
Bending of a hinge joint, decreasing the angle between the bones that make up the joint Flex/flexion
Turning inward, typically used to describe ankle motion, Invert/inversion
Turning of the arm so that the palm of the hand is down. Pronate/pronation
Turning of the arm so that the palm of the hand is up. Supinate/supination
Created by: MAUNEY on 2011-05-10



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