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Amino Acid terms 1

QuestionAnswer
Amine group functional group that contains a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair.
Backbone for amino acids it is the amine group and carboxylic acid group along with the alpha carbon. It will be the same for each of our amino acids.
Carbon one of the key elements that make up an amino acid.
Carboxylic acid characterized by the presence of at least one carboxyl group. The general formula is R-COOH, where R is some functional group.
Elements consisting of one type of atom distinguished by its atomic number, which is the number of protons in its nucleus.
Hydrogen one of the key elements that make up an amino acid.
Molecules two or more atoms that are bound to each other.
Nitrogen one of the key elements that make up an amino acid.
Oxygen one of the key elements that make up an amino acid.
Protein A molecule composed of amino acids joined together by peptide bonds. Components include nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, sulfur, and sometimes phosphorus.
Side-chain a chemical or functional group that is attached to a core part of a molecule called the backbone. It is also called the R-group.
Created by: mrmcguire on 2011-04-06



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