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Rhetoric midterm

Metaphor compares two different things by speaking of one in terms of the other
Simile comparison between two different things that resemble each other in at least one way
Metonymy the thing chosen for the metaphorical image is closely associated with (but not an actual part of) the subject with which it is to be compared
Personification animal or inanimate object as having human attributes
Hyperbole the counterpart of understatement, deliberately exaggerates conditions for emphasis or effect
Synecdoche type of metaphor in which the part stands for the whole, the whole for a part
Oxymoron paradox reduced to two words and is used for effect, complexity, emphasis, or wit. Opposite.
Litotes form of understatement, is generated by denying the opposite or contrary of the word which otherwise would be used
Zeugma several similar rhetorical devices, all involving a grammatically correct linkage (or yoking together) of two or more parts of speech by another part of speech
Antithesis a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them together or juxtaposing them, often in parallel structure
Euphemism The act or an example of substituting a mild, indirect, or vague term for one considered harsh, blunt, or offensive
Understatement seem less important or serious than it is
Meiosis one word, may range from bitter scorn to light derision
Allusion a short, informal reference to a famous person or event
Allegory extending a metaphor through an entire narrative so that objects, persons, and actions in the text are equated with meanings that lie outside the text
Onomatopoeia words whose pronunciation imitates the sound the word describes
Pun deliberate confusion of similar words
Rhetoric begins people couldn't read and could only learn through listening to public speakers Court system and laywers
Kiros practical value, guidelines to solving problems Sophists
Socrates practical rhetoric, Educate people for the common good, Try to teach ethics to make people do the right thing, Logos
Plato rhetoric is flatter and a way to give people what they want to hear, Done through dialectic, Rhetoric is impractical, Helen of Troy
Gorgias rhetoric is art and misleadning
Dissoi Logoi argue from both sides of topic
Aristotle rhetoric is skill and opposite of dialectic, It is practical, logical, and theory, Rhetoric is judgement, Ethos-character, Pathos-emotion, Logos-logic
induction arguements Aristotle, hard examples, from one assumption to another
deduction arguements Aristotle, generally accepted truths
enthymeme consider missing part, To persuade the probable, undstated opinion
Topos location
3 Oritotry Types of rehtoric 1 politcal/deliberative-do or not do action 2 Forensic-attack or defend past 3 Ceremonial/epidelctic-praise or censor present
5 Cannons 1inventio-invention of topic 2Dispositio-arrangement 3elocutio-style 4pronusitatio-presentation 5memoria-memory 6actio-delivery
syllogy 3 parts-> birds have feathers ,penguins are birds ,penguins have feathers
Ciecro spoke in public and made treaties, Focus on latin eloquence and style, Rhetoric should teach, delight, and move, Beset orator should be learner of all subjects, Sublime-how to write effectively
Quintilian rhetoric is practical, educational, and theoretical, Elementry and preliminary
Isocrates education, Rhetoric is natural talant, desire, practice, and imitation, Can be taught, He wanted to be a model for his students
Created by: kd66