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Speech Development

Mid-term Study Guide

Why are pathologists interested in language acquisition? 1. need to know what is typical in order to recognize what is atypical. 2. typical developmental provides a guide as to what to teach and when to teach it.
Why are pathologists interested in language acquisition? 3. gives an idea about the best way to assess and teach language. 4. allows better communication with adults and children.
Language: socially shared code or conventional system for representing concepts through the use of arbitrary symbols and rule-governed combinations of those symbols.
Components of language: meaning, form and use
Meaning: semantics-the study of the meaning system of language
Form: morphology, syntax and phonology
Morphology: rules that govern the use of morphemes in a language
Syntax rules for how to combine words into phrases and sentences and how to transform sentences into other sentences
Phonology study of the sound system of language. The sounds the language uses, as well as the rules for their combination.
Use pragmatics, sociolinguistics and social communication
Pragmatics: the study of language in context used as a communication tool that is used to achieve social ends
Sociolinguistics: an approach to the study of language variation and adaptation which considers the ways social constructs (class, gender, role, status, etc.) impact upon language
Social Communication: the verbal and nonverbal behaviors children display as they approach peers, maintain conversations, and resolve conflicts during peer interaction
Functionalist view of pragmatics: viewed as the overall organizing aspect of language
Production: refers to speaking; same as expression
Comprehension: refers to understanding; same as reception
Speech: the production of sounds
Language: syntax, semantics, phonology, pragmatics
Prescriptive grammar: prescribes what people SHOULD do when they use language
Descriptive grammar: describes what people ACTUALLY do when they use language.
Dialect: a variety of a language that is shared by a particular speech community (all variations of a language are dialects)
Competence: the inner knowledge of language and all of its linguistic rules and structures
Performance: any concrete act of talking or understanding language
Nature of language: it is unique from other forms of communication and all languages share certain characteristics
The comparative method of historical linguistics: makes it possible to compare a group of related languages and reconstruct a parent language
Properties of language: Duality of patterning, productivity, displacement, semanticity
Displacement: messages need not be tied to the immediate context
Productivity: the capacity to say things that have never been said before
Duality of patterning: the use of a finite set of elements, in various rearrangements, to convey an infinite set of messages- leads to displacement and productivity
Semanticity: the ability to represent ideas, events, and objects symbolically
Created by: deezer