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Foundations 6-11

Holmes community college -OT

QuestionAnswer
What is a connection of different roles to one another? Relationship
What is a pattern of behavior that involves certain rights and duties that an individual is expected, trained, and encouraged to perform in a particular social situation? Role
What is the process of advancing within the service delivery path or transitioning into a role outside of service delivery? Career Development
Who provides quality Occupational therapy services, including evaluation, intervention, program planning and implementation, discharge planning - related documentation and communication? Practitioner - OT
Who provides quality Occupational therapy services to assigned individuals under the supervision of an OT? Practitioner - OTA
Who develops and provides educational offering or training related to occupational therapy to consumer, peer, and community individuals or groups? Educator (consumer, peer)
Who manages Level I or II fieldwork in a practice setting. Provides OT students with opportunities to practice and carry out practitioner competencies? Fielwork Educator (practice setting)
Who manages the overall daily operation of OT services in defined practice areas? Supervisor
Who manages department, program, services, or agency providing OT services? Administrator (practice setting)
Who provides OT consultation to individuals, groups, or organizations? Consultant
Who manages student fielwork program within the academic setting. Academic Fieldwork Coordinator
Who provides formal academic education for OT or OTA students. Academic Program Director
Who performs scholarly work of the profession, including examining, developing, refining, and evaluating the profession's body of knowledge, theoretical base, and philosophical foundations? Researcher/Scholar
Who are partially or fully self-employed individuals who provide OT services? Entrepreneur
What are the three levels of performance for OT practitioners? entry, intermediate, and advanced
What role is most commonly assumed by the OT practitioner who is just entering the field? Direct client care
Who is still developing his or her skills and is expected to be help responsible for and accountable in professional activities related to the role? Entry-Level practitioner
Who has increased responsibility and typically pursues specialization in a particular area of practice? Intermediate-level practitioner
Who is considered an expert, or a resource, in the respective role? Advanced-level practitioner
What practitioner is responsible for planning, implementing, and documenting an ongoing program of activities that meet the needs of the residents? Activity director
What type of roles are case manager, supervisor of other allied health care professionals, consultant, and activity director? specialized roles
What are commonly provided to individuals who do not have the cognitive or physical ability to participate in a group program? Supportive activities
what is the purpose of supportive activities? promote comfortable environment and to provide stimulation
What are those that provide opportunities for the individual to maintain physical, cognitive, social, emotional, and spiritual health? examples: exercise groups, games such as shuffleboard, creative writing, and choir Maintenance activities
What are geared toward promoting self-respect, and they offer opportunities for self expression, personal responsibility, and social responsibility? examples: writing a facility newsletter or forming a council dedicated to resolving resident's issues. Empowering activities
What are the four minimum requirements for OT practitioners working in service delivery? 1. professional standing and responsibility 2. screening, evalutation, and re-evaluation 3. intervention 4. outcomes
What is a cooperative process in which two or more people participate in a joint effort to establish, maintain, and or elevate a level of competence and performance? Supervision
What is the supervising OTs are on site and available to provide immediate assistance to the client or supervisee if needed? Direct Supervision
What is the need for direct, daily contact with the supervisee? Close supervision
What is direct contact at least every 2 weeks with interim supervision as needed? Routine supervision
What is at least monthly face-to-face contact with supervisee? General supervision
What is a mix of practitioners from multiple disciplines who work together in a common setting but without and interactive relationship? multidisciplinary team
What is a mix of practitioners from different disciplines who maintain their own professional roles and use a cooperate approach that is very interactive and centered on a common problem to solve? Interdisciplinary team
What is a mix of practitioners from different disciplines in which members cross over professional boundaries and share roles and functions? Transdisciplinary team
What is organizing and personally managing a cumulative series of work experiences to add to one's knowledge, motivation, perspectives, skills, and job performance? Professional Development
What is a process in which the OT practitioner develops and maintains knowledge, performance skills, interpersonal abilities, critical reasoning skills and ethical reasoning skills necessary to perform his or her professional responsibilities? Continuing Competence
What is certification for the OT or OTA that incorporates more generalized areas of practice that have an established knowledge base of OT? Board certification
What is credential for OTs and OTAs that indicates advanced knowledge in a particular area of practice? Specialty certification
What are related to character and behavior from the point of view of right and wrong; these develop as a result of background, values, relgious beliefs, and the society in which a person lives? Morals
What is the study and philosophy of human conduct? Ethics
What is defined as a "binding custom or practice of a community? Law
What is the thought process that therapists use to design and carry out intervention; involves complex cognitive and affective skills? Clinical reasoning
What are professional guidelines for making correct or proper choices and decisions for health care practice in the field? code of ethics
What is a principle that requires that the OT practitioner contribute to the good health and welfare of the client? Beneficence
What principle states the need for OT practioners to treat each pt fair & equitably, advocate for recipients to obtain needed services, promote public health & safety & well-being,& charge fees that are reasonable & commensurate w/ the services provided? Beneficence
What principle instructs the practitioner to not inflict harm to the client? it states the OT practitioner should maintain therapetic relationships that do not exploit clients physically, emotionally, psychologically, socially, sexually, or financially. Nonmaleficence
What is the freedom to decide and the freedom to act? Autonomy
What is the expectation the information shared by the client with the OT practitioner will be kept private and shared only with those directly involed with the intervention? Confidentiality
What principle does the OT prac. collaborate w/ the pt & caregivers to determine goals, inform pt of the nature, & outcomes of services, receives informed consent for services, respects a pt's decision to refuse tx, & maintains confidential info? autonomy and confidentiality
What refers to the "knowledgeable and voluntary agreement by which a client undergoes intervention that is in accord with the patient's values and preferences? Informed consent
What principle stimulates that all OT practitioners must maintain a high standard of competence (one's standard of practice)? Duty
What principle says that an OT practitioner has to have the appropriate credentials, participate in continuing education and professional activities, and take responsibility for lifelong learning? Duty
What principle says that OT practitioners are obligated to comply with the laws and regulations that guide the profession? Proceduaral Justice
What principle refers to the duty of the health care professional to tell the truth. OT practitioners must accurately represent their qualifications, education, training, and competence. Veracity
What principle is faithfulness, in professional relationships describes the interactions between and OT practitioner and his or her colleagues and other professionals? example: confidentiality among staff and colleagues Fidelity
What situations challenge how a practitioner maintains his or her integrity or the integrity of the profession? Ethical Distress
What is a situation in which two or more ethical principles collide with one another, making it difficult to determine the best action? Ethical Dilemma
What are problems that require decisions about who should be the primary decision-maker? Locus of Authority
What are laws that are enacted by the legislative branch of a government? Statutes
What are described in specific terms how the intent of the law will be carried out? Regulations
What are passed by Congress in Washington, D.C, pertaining all 50 states? Federal Statutes
What are passed by state legislatures and vary from state to state? State Statutes
What is the most stringent form of regulation, the process by which an agency of g'ment grants permission to an indiv to engage in a occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained the min degree of competence required to ensure public safety? Licensure
What is a formal expression of disapproval of conduct communicated privately by letter from the Chairperson of the Ethics Committee that is nondisclosable and noncommunicative to other bodies? Reprimand
What is a formal expression of disapproval that is public? Censure
What is failure to meet terms will subject a member to any of the disciplinary actions or sanctions? Probation
What is removal of membership for a specified period of time? Suspension
What is permanent denial of membership? Revocation
What is organized and operated by its members for its members? professional association
What is the professional organization for OT practitioners in the United States? American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA)
What was established in 1952 to help OT practitioners access international information, engage in international exchange, and promote organizations of OT in schools in countries where none exists? World Federation of Occupational Therapy (WFOT)
Where are the paid office staff located? Bethesda, Maryland
What is a standing committee of the executive board of AOTA for students? American Student Committee of the Occupational Therapy Association (ASCOTA)
What furthers the legislative aims of the profession by attempting to influence the selections, nomination, election, or appointment of persons to public office? American Occupational Therapy Political Action Committee (AOTPAC)
What is a national organization designed to advance the science of occupational therapy and increased public understanding of the value of occupational therapy? American Occupational Therapy Foundation (AOTF)
What was developed in 1952 with the objective to promote and advocate for OT and establish minimum educational standars for member countries? World Federation of Occupational Therapists
What was developed as a revision to the Uniform Terminology for Occupational Therapy? It was developed to help practitioners use the language and constructs of occupation to serve clients and educate consumers. The Occupational Therapy Practice Framework (OTPF)
What refers to activities involved in taking care of one's own body and include such things as dressing, bathing, grooming, eating, feeding, personal device care, toileting, sexual activity, and sleep/rest? Activities of Daily Living
What refers to activities that may be considered optional & involve the environment? ex:care of pets, child rearing, comm device use, community mobility, health management, fin. management, home management, meal preparation, safety & shopping. Instrumental activities of daily living
What is an area of occupation that includes formal (school, university, course work) and informal (obtaining topic-related information or skills, instruction/training in areas of interest)learning? Education
What refers to paid or volunteer activities and includes the entire range of employment activities such as interests, pursuits, job seeking, and job performance to retirement preparation and adjustment? Work
What refers to any spontaneous or organized activity that provides enjoyment, entertainment, amusement, or diverstion (FUN)? Play
What refers to nonobligatory activity? This area of occupation includes planning as well as participation in the activity. Exploring areas of interest is also a part of this? Leisure
What refers to activities involving interactions with others including family, community, and peer/friends? Social participation
What area do OT practitioners evaluate in which the client hopes to engage first, followed by and analysis of the performance skills or client factors interfering with performance? performance and occupations
What includes motor, process, and communication/interaction skills - required to complete the occupation? Performance skills
What are even more specific components of performance that may need to be addressed for clients to be successful. ex: include body funtions and body structures., range of motion, strength, edurance, posture, cisual acuity, and tactile functions? Client factors
What refers to the clients' habits, routines, and roles? Performance patterns
What includes the objects used and their properties, space demands, social demands, sequencing and timing, required actions, required actions, required body functions, and required body structures? activity demands
Customs, beliefs, activity patterns, behavior standards, and expectations accepted byt the society of which the individual is a member. Includes political, such as laws that affect access to resources and affirm personal rights? Cultural context
What refers to nonobligatory activity? This area of occupation includes planning as well as participation in the activity. Exploring areas of interest is also a part of this? Leisure
What refers to activities involving interactions with others including family, community, and peer/friends? Social participation
What area do OT practitioners evaluate in which the client hopes to engage first, followed by and analysis of the performance skills or client factors interfering with performance? performance and occupations
What includes motor, process, and communication/interaction skills - required to complete the occupation? Performance skills
What are even more specific components of performance that may need to be addressed for clients to be successful. ex: include body funtions and body structures., range of motion, strength, edurance, posture, cisual acuity, and tactile functions? Client factors
What refers to the clients' habits, routines, and roles? Performance patterns
What includes the objects used and their properties, space demands, social demands, sequencing and timing, required actions, required actions, required body functions, and required body structures? activity demands
Customs, beliefs, activity patterns, behavior standards, and expectations accepted byt the society of which the individual is a member. Includes political, such as laws that affect access to resources and affirm personal rights? Cultural context
Nonhuman aspects of contexts. Includes the accessibility to and performance within environments having natural terrain, plants, animals, buildings, furniture, objects, tools, or devices. Physical context
Availability and expectations of significant individuals, such as spouse, friends, and caregivers. Also includes larger social groups that are influential in establishing norms, role expectations, and social routines. Social Context
[F]eatures of the individual that are not part of a health condition or health status. Includes age, gender, socioeconomic status, and educational status. Personal context
The fundamental orientation of a person's life; that which inspires and motivates that individual. Spiritual context
Location of occupational performance in time. Temporal context
Environment in which communication occurs by means of airways or computers and an absence of physical contact. Virtual context
The setting in which the occupation occurs; includes cultural, physical social, personal, spiritual, temporal, and virtual conditions within and surrounding the client that influence performance. Context
What includes an occupational prfile and analysis of occupatinal performance. evaluation
What provides background information on the client's goals, habits, occupatins, and history. Occupational profile
An approach in which the client, family, and significant others are active participants throughout the therapeutic process. Client-centered approach
What is developed once the evaluation is completed and the OT has determined the client's strengths and weaknesses, and has analyzed the areas of performance and contexts in which the occupations are performed? intervention plan
What has five general approaches to intervention: create, establish, maintain, modify, and prevent. OTPF (Occupational Therapy Practice Framework)
What refers to selecting activites and occupations that will meet the therapeutic goals? Therapeutic use of occupations and activities
What are activities designed to get the client ready to engage in occupations? Some OT practitioners may use this. Preparatory Methods
What leads to occupation and may be a part of the occupation? These may involve choice, and are goal-directed. Purposeful activity
What refers to participation in the acutal occupation, which has been found to be motivating and which results in better motor responses and improved generalization? Occupation-based activity
What involves a type of intervention in which practitioners use their knowledge and expertise to collaborate with the client? Consultation
What involves imparting knowledge to the client? Education
What can measure the improvement or enhancement of the client's ability to carry out activities of daily living? Occuapational performance
What is the ability to meet the demand of roles? Role competence
What is a measure of the client's perception of the process and the benefits received from occupational therapy services? Client satisfaction
What may improve and thus is considered a desired outcome of intervention. This determines the client's appraisal of his or her satisfaction with life at that given time? Quality of Life
What refers to the state of physical, mental, and social well-being, whereas _______ refers to the condition of being in good health? Health and wellness
What represents the period of birth through 1 year? Infancy
A disorder caused by an insult to the brain before during or soon after birth, which manifests in motor abnormalities? cerebral palsy (CP)
What refers to a general slowing of skills in infants? Developmental delays
Waht postulates that practice in a skill set will enhance brain development and help the child progress through the stages? Developmental frame of reference
What entails that they collaborate closely with the family? the OT practitioners provide this when working close with an infant Family-centered care
What includes (1-6yrs) and school aged children (6-12 yrs)? Childhood
What is the occupation of childhood; it is characterized as a spontaneous, enjoyable, rules-free, internally motivated activity in which there is no goal or purpose? Play
What develops around 3-5 years of age. This type of play involves "pretending" or make-believe scenarios, which requires cognitive problem-solving and sequencing? Imaginative play
What requires memory, attention, problem-solving, sequencing, calculation, categorizing, language, and communication for learning? Cognitive skills
The classroom most similar to a regular classroom in which the student can be successful. Least restrictive environment
What may be considered a time of turmoil as the person tries to develop a sense of self that is independent from his or her parents?(12-20)yrs Adolescence
What is generally considered a time of achievement, a time when the _______ makes employment decisions? young (20-40); middle (40-65); late (65 and older) Adulthood
What process provides older adults with challenges not found in the other age levels? aging
What provides services to help the client be comfortable during the last stages of life? Hospice
What is a time of reflection and evaluation of one's life? Later adulthood
What is a phenomenon many elderly people manifest; this results when others do everything for the older individual and do not allow him/her to make decisions and engage in activities? Learned helplessness
What are operated by federal, state, or county governments? Public agencies
What receives special tax exemptions and typically charge a few for services and maintain a balanced budget to provide services? include hospitals and clinics with religious affiliations, private teaching hospitals, and organizations. Private not-for-profit agencies
What are owned and operated by individuals or a group of investors? These agencies are in business to make a profit. ex: large corporations Private for-profit agencies
Health care is provided to the consumer along a continuum, as the client's needs dictate. continuum of care
What is the first level on the continuum? A client at this level has a sudden and short-term need for services and is typically seen in a hospital. Acute care
What is groupings of disease categories that Medicare and other third-party payers use as a basis for hospital payment schedules? Diagnosis-related groups (DRGs)
What are shorter hospital stays also created a need for an interim level of care? subacute care
What includes clients who are medically stable but who have a chronic condition requiring services over time, potentially throughout life? long-term care
What refers to medical problems caused by disease, disorder, or trauma? biological sphere
What includes emotional, cognitive, and affective or personality disorders? psychological sphere
What refers to issues meeting the expectations of society? sociological sphere
Created by: Melly_711 on 2010-10-05



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