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MCAT O Chem

Ch. 9 Carboxylic Acids

QuestionAnswer
dimers pairs of molecules connected by two hydrogen bonds
what makes carboxylic acids acidic the resonance structure stabilization of the carboxylate anion (the conjugate base)
alpha and beta carbons alpha carbon is first carbon attached to a functional group, beta is the second
what can carboxylic acids and esters only be reduced by LiAlH4, and not the less reaction HaBH4
how are esters formed react carboxylic acids with alcohols under acidic conditions. Condensation reaction so water is produced
what determines stability periodic trends (electronegativity, and thus induction), size of the anion (HF is weaker acid than HI), resonance
how can acidity of carboxylic acids be enhanced by substituents that delocalize the negative charge through resonance or with electron withdrawing groups such as halides
how are carboxylic acids formed primary alcohols or aldehydes can be oxidized too, synthesized from the carbonation of organometalic reagents or hydrolyzing nitriles
Created by: adam87 on 2010-07-08



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