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PRAXIS 053/Behave

Behavior Management Strategies

QuestionAnswer
acting out behavior Inappropriate behavior (aggressive or disruptive) considered more damaging and serious than other behaviors.
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Method of behavior scrutiny to determine how and why a student responds to certain events, situations, or the environment and allows for a training component of rewards and reinforcements to help the student learn the target behavior.
alternative school placement Public school option that may be utilized when a student cannot function in the traditional public school system due to uncontrolled behaviors or due ot a disruption that caused a suspension or expulsion.
antecedent Stimulus used in behavior management and behavior modification that occurs prior to the behavior and establishes the reason for the behavior.
behavior intervention Strategies or actions used to extinguish, change, or redirect an inappropriate behavior; three types are positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and aversive intervention.
behavior rating scales An evaluation tool that lists specific observable behaviors to assess the severity, frequency, and type of exhibited behaviors completed by staff, parents, or student.
consequences Stimulus that follows a behavior action used in behavior management or behavior modification to increase or decrease the behavior.
contingency contract Written agreement between the student and the teacher that outlines the expected performance and the consequences or reinforcers used.
discrete trial training Strategy in which the function or task is broken down into steps that are rewarded immediately in a trial-by-trial basis.
manifestation determination Team review of the relationship between a student's inappropriate behavior and the disability, required under IDEIA when a student violates a code of conduct.
modeling Use of imitation to set in place the desired behaviors.
negative reinforcement Used in behavior modification in which the student is motivated to use a desired behavior in order to avoid a negative consequence.
perseveration When a behavior continues repeatedly beyond the typical endpoint and the student demonstrates difficulty switching tasks.
positive reinforcement Used in behavior modification in which the student is motivated to use a desired behavior because of the reward to be obtained.
response generalization Application of a learned behavior or skill to another setting.
target behavior The behavior selected for intervention, most often to be extinguished or changed, although it may be a positive behavior that should be used in other school situations.
Created by: pkooyman on 2010-03-23



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