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FDLE OBJ- HUMAN ISS

FDLE HUMAN ISSUES

QuestionAnswer
An event that significantly alters or threatens to alter a person's life or a situation, usually in a negative way: a crucial period in which a significant change seems inevitable Crisis- BoB
The federal civil rights law that protects individuals with disabilities Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)- BoB
A physical, mental, or psychological disorder affecting one or more body systems Impairment- BoB
Caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, and working Major life activities- BoB
A situation in which major life activities are restricted in the manner, condition, or duration in which they are performed in comparison with most people Substantial limitation- BoB
A law that provides access for mentally ill persons to emergency services and temporary detention for evaluation and voluntary or involuntaty short-term community inpatient treatment Baker Act- BoB
A firmly held but false belief that is retained despite logical proof to the contrary Delusion- BoB
Any sensory perceptions in which a person can see, hear, smell, taste, or feel something that is not there Hallucination- BoB
An impairment of the mental of emotional processes that exercises conscious control of actions or of the ability to perceived or understand reality that substantially interferes with a person's ability to meet the ordinary demands of living Mental illness- BoB
A diagnosis of a person with significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior, which occurs prior to age 18 Mental retardation- BoB
A lifelong pattern of maladaptive behavior that interferes with daily living Personality disorder- BoB
A decision by an individual to voluntarily seek psychiatric evaluation for symptoms that may be due to a mental illness Voluntary examination- BoB
A developmental disability that occurs in early childhood and continues throughout adulthood which may result in difficulties with learning, communication, and social interaction Autism- BoB
A functional loss of vision Blindness- BoB
A hearing loss of such severity that the individual must rely on visual communication, such as writing, gestures, sign language, and lip-reading Deafness- BoB
A loss of hearing, but not to the extent that an individual must rely on visual comunication Hard of hearing- BoB
A form of visual communication sometimes used by persons who lose their hearing after language development Lip-reading- BoB
A functinoal limitation that affects one or more of a person's limbs Mobility impairment- BoB
The loss of visual acuity in which objects look dim or out of focus Parial sight- BoB
A person who can both receive and express information and interpret it effectively, accurately, and impartially Sign-language interpreter- BoB
A physiological condition that causes difficulty inproducing sound or understanding language, including reading and writing Speech impairment
An intellectual deterioration or an organic, progressive mental disorder characterized by a loss of memory, the impairment of judgement and abstract thinking Dementia
A physical and/or psychological dependence on a substance Addiction- BoB
The process that brings a physically or psychologically dependent person to a substance-free state Detoxification- BoB
A law that provides substance abusers with access to emergency services and temporary detention for evaluation and treatment Marchman Act
The accidental or intentional use of a dangerously large amount of a substance Overdose
A state in which the body becomes accustomed to a substance and needs that substance to function normally Physical dependence- BoB
A mental condition caused by repeated use of a drug that causes the user to crave the substance Psychological dependence- BoB
The continued use of a substance for non-medical reasons despite the knowledge that the substance causes adverse effects on an individual's social life, occupational life, and psychological or physical health Substance abuse- BoB
The physical resistance to effects of a substance that causes a user to need a larger amount of it to experience the desired effect Tolerance- BoB
The physical and mental symptons experienced by an addicted individual who stops using the addictive substance Withdrawal- BoB
May be a situation or period that is very uncertain, difficult, or painful, especially a time when action must be taken to avoid complete disaster or breakdown. Is also defined by the person’s perception and response to the event Crisis
If the person sees the event as significant and threatening, has used all personal coping strategies without effect, and is unaware of or unable to pursue other alternatives. Also add stress to an individual’s life or to an entire community Crisis
The federal civil rights law that protects individuals with disabilities and requires common places used by the public to provide an equal opportunity for access Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
As any mental or physiological condition that impedes the completion of daily tasks using traditional methods Impairment
Sitting, standing, lifting, and mental and emotional processes such as thinking, concentrating, and interacting with others Major life activities
Restriction of the manner, condition, or duration in which major life activities are performed compared to nonimpaired people Substantial limitation
Any sensory experience in which a person can see, hear, smell, taste, or feel something that is not there Hallucination
Is a deeply ingrained, nonpsychotic, inflexible, maladaptive pattern of relating, preceiving, and behaving, serious enough to cause distress or impaired functioning Personality disorder
Significantly sub-average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior that manifests before the age of 18 and can reasonably be expected to continue indefinitely Mental retardation
Any degree of hearing loss Hearing impairment- BoB
A hearing loss of such severity that the individual must rely on visual tools, such as writing, gestures, and lip-reading to communicate Deafness
Is the ability to understand what is being said by watching the lips, facial expressions, and body language of the speaker Lip-reading
Is a visual impairment in which, after correction, objects still look dim or out of focus Parial sight
An organic, progressive mental disorder characterized by a loss of memory, the impairment of judgement and abstract thinking, and changes in personality Dementia
The legal, illegal, therapeutic, or recreational intake of a substance that alters physical or mental function Substance use- BoB
Use of a substance (legal or illegal) that alters physical or mental function: can be done by sniffing, snorting, inhaling, swallowing, drinking, smoking, or injecting the substance or absorbing it through the skin Substance use
Continued substance use due to an uncontrollable physical or psychological craving for that substance Substance Dependence- BoB
Is the compulsive use of substances to the point where the user has no effective choice but to continue use due to the uncontrollable physical or psychological cravings for the substance Substance Dependence
Is the condition in which a person feels that he or she needs drugs in order to cope with problems, function better in life, or feel different, whether or not there is a physical addiction Psychological dependence
Is the condition in which the presence of a drug or alcohol is required to maintain normal functioning of the central nervous system Physical dependence
Is a state of physical and/or psychological dependence on a substance Addiction
The physical and mental symptons that occur after the chronic use of a drug is reduced or stopped Withdrawal
The accidental or intentional use of a dangerously large amount of a substance Overdose- BoB
Is a condition in which higher doses of a drug are required to produce the same effect as the initial use: this condition often leads to physical dependence Tolerance
Is the process of allowing the body to rid itself of a drug while managing the symptoms of withdrawal and is often the first srep in a drug treatment program Detoxification
Is one of the most important duties of law enforcement officers Crisis intervention
Officers are sworn to protect all citizens, and this obligation includes Assisting with crisis social issues, such as
The following my create a crisis for a person Death of a spouse or other loved one, a finicial loss, termination from a job, seperation from family and friends, or the beginning of retirement
Some people in crisis may display behavorial characteristics such as Verbal anger (cursing, threats and shouting), Physical signs (flushed face, heavy, rapid breathing, clenching and unclenching fists, pacing, pointing fingers, tightening the lips, clenching the teeth, or sweating. Others may appear calm
Stages of Crisis Recognition, Attempted resolution, Emotional blockage, Accommodations, and Resolution
The various ways LEO's receive calls are Dispatched, observed on patrol, or develope out of another call
To ensure safe arrival on scene, officers should get as much info as possible such as Exact location and nature of the call, weapons involved, number of people involved, name of the person who called
A low-profile arrival will Maximize officer safety and minimize officer vulnerability
Immediately upon arrival, the officer should assess the subject's Physical, intellectual, emotional , and risk status
Some crisis situations may involve a person who is Disoriented, incoherent, unfocused, or behaving abnormally
During a crisis call, the officer must manage all of these types of people Victims, witnesses, and suspects
It is essential an officer always know The location of a partner and backup
Before assisting any individual, an officer must first deal with Any immediate threats
To get someone to do what he/she wants, the officer should give Calm, direct instructions to guide others to complete what is desired
By speaking quitely the officer may Calm disputants by forcing them to focus on the officer instead of the problem and reduce noise level if someone is yelling
During the an interview with someone in crisis the officer should do this -------, but never ------ Empathize but avoid minimizing the situation
Establishing rapport with the subject expresses Genuine interest and concern
After rapport is established, the officer should ask One question at a time, using simple vocabulary and sentence structure, and ask open-ended questions
To get a better understanding of the problem, the officer should attempt to ask questions to Clear up any vagueness or inconsistencies and center on a specific part of the situation
Officer's who are familiar with the different types of intervention have a better understanding of The legal impact and ramifications of their decisions
Relocating the person to a safe environment, custody if committed an arrestable offense, involuntary referral (Baker or Marchman), referral for services, and arranging for or providing transportation are examples of Intervention options
Cuts, scratches, burns, redness of the skin, or bruises may indicate if the person or persons involved must be removed because of Physical abuse
To provide appropriate referrals officers should become familiar with The agencies and services available within their communities
DCF is responsible for the safe placement of Abused and neglected children, the elderly and disabled adults
The victim may need to be transported to another location the officer should Contact victim services or assist the victim in arranging for private transportation
Reports should be as detailed as possible including the victim's & subject's statements, actions, reactions, physical condition, appearance and also Witness statements, known medictations, weapons involved, and the disposition
The ADA does not in any way prevent an officer from enforcing laws, but it Affects how law enforcement officers interact with persons with disabilites
Adults with disabilities should be treated like adults and not subjected to Condescending or patronizing attitudes
Dealing with a person with disability, an officer should speak in a normal tone of voice unless The person has a hearing impairment
Officers should be patient when dealing with disabled person because it may take extra time for a person with a disability to Say, do, or show something
In the event the person with a disability service animal is arrested, the officer must Arrange care for the animal, preferablly with a family memeber, a friend, or even a kennel rather that calling animal control
When possible, an officer should ensure that someone who know the individual(disabled) such as a relative, friend, attorney, or agency staff member is present and also Videotape the interview. Should also inform the State Attorney's Office and document the disability in the report regarding the interview
People with a thought disorder such as schizophrenia are sometimes unable to Accurately perceive reality
Two major examples of mood disorders are Major depression and bipolar
Is different than the brief, situational depressive episodes most people commonly experience with the loss of a loved one, loss of a job, or financial loss Major depression
This meets the clinical criteria to be diagnosed as a mental illness Major depression
Alternating episodes of depression and mania are the hallmark or a mental illness known as Bipolar disorder (formely known as manic-depressive illness)
Is the opposite of depression Mania
A person in a manic espisode feels charged up, high, or excitable
An officer observing a person being lound, quick, uninterrupted speech, "RACING" thoughts, fidgeting, and hyperactiviy may be experiencing A manic episode
Anxiety is another form of a Mood disorder
Anxiety can range from Mild to debilitating
People with anxiety problems can have panic attacks that are so severe they Mimic a heart attack
An officer observing a person with rapid heartbeat, chest discomfort, sweating, trembling, choking, and feeling that something terrible is about to happen may be suffering from a Panick attack
Antisocial and boderline are two types of Personality disorders
Primarily a lifelong pattern of behavior that violates rules, social norms, and the rights of others is know as Antisocial personality disorder (also known as psychopathic or sociopathic disorder)
A person with antisocial personality disorder also lack the human capacity for Empathy, guilt, and remorse
An officer observing a person with rapid and intense mood changes, typically involving angry, erratic, and impulsive behavior and quickly changing feelings toward themselves and others may be experiencing a Borderline personality disorder
The hallmark of borderline personality disorder is Instability
Some medical conditions and the effects of certain substances Mimic mental illness symptoms
They do not believe they need it, experience intolerable side effects that outweigh the benefits, lack of money, lack transportation, lack support of family and friends are all reasons People stop taking theirmedications
Mental illness symptoms may be part of a slow, deteriorating process, such as Dementia associated with Alzheimer's disease
When observing a person who displays symptoms commonly associated with mental illness, an officer should consider the possibility That the situation may in fact be a medial emergency
According to Florida Statute 394.459, people with mental illnesses have the right to be Treated with dignity; treatment in timely manner; least restrictive treatment available; express & informed patient consent & treatment; care & custody of their personal effects unless access to them is deemed inappropriate; quality treatment
Officers have the following response options available when dealing with a person in a mental health crisis Release, voluntary examination, involuntary examination under the Baker or Marchman Acts, and arrest
During a crisis situation, officers have the duty to recognize and respond to persons in crisis by Intervene safely, professionally, and effictively in a crisis, interact with community agencies to coordinate and reslove conflicts, and make referrals to appropriate agencies
A crisis may be compounded by economic, personal , and social factors such as how the crisis affects a person's Self-image and community standing, psychological factors, and physical factors
The severity of the crisis created by a job loss will depend on Economic, personal, social, and psychological factors
The goal of crisis intervention is to Provide assistance for the person in distress
During this stage of crisis, the person realizes he or she is unable to cope with the situation Recognition stage
During this stage of crisis, the person struggles to resolve the situation using methods that worked in previous situations Attempted resolution stage
During this stage of crisis, the person's failure to resolve the problem leads to this Emotional blockage stage
During this stage of crisis, the person is open to suggestion and is willing to try new options Accommodations stage
During this stage of crisis, the person reaches a solution Resolution stage
If the officer observes changes at the location, it is important for him or her to Update the communications center
After assessing the situation, the officer should Enter the scene safely and approach with due caution, look for cover and concealment, and survey entrances, exits, and grounds
The officer should also scan for hazards such as Possible weapons, dangerous pets, or possible hiding places
The officer should position him- or herself in visual alignment with the Door in case someone enters
A person experiencing this may be "out of it." Crisis situation
While speaking with the people involved, the officer should maintain eye contact while maintaining awareness of Proximity and officer safety issues
An officer may need to seperate disputing parties both, Physically and visually
Noise has the ability to Energize and arouse behaviors
Lowering the noise level reduces Tension and physically relaxes people
The officer should ask Open-ended question that encourage conversation and explanation and avoid closed questions
Blindness, severe breathing limitation, deafness, inability to use arms or legs, paranoia, or schizophrenia are examples of Impairments
It may be temporary and usually occurs in early adulthood (late teens, early 20s) or middle adulthood (late 30s, early 40s) Mental illness
A person with mental illness my have one of these or a combination of these disorders Thought, mood, personality or psychotic
In making a release determination, an officer should consider if the person has A residence or stable housing, has an established support system within the community, actively experiencing symptoms that are severe or impairt the ability to function, or satisfies the criteria for protective custody or involuntary treatment
Upon admission to a receiving facility, a subject must be examined Within 72 hours of arrival
If the subject is arrested for a misdemeanor and meets Baker Act criteria, the officer should transport the individual to An appropriate receiving facility
If the subject is arrested for a felony and meets Baker Act criteria, the officer Transported to jail, unless emergency medical treatment is necessary. At booking must notify the dentention supervisor of the arrestee's mental illness and document the Baker Act criteria on the arrest advisory
If subject agrees to a voluntary examination, he or she must be transported to the medical facility by Family, friends, or support agency personnel, such as a case manager, a group home worker, a mobile crisis team, or the officer
When transporting a person for involuntary examination under the Baker Act, the officer must complete a form called The Report of Law Enforcement Officer Initiating Involuntary Examination, referred to as a BA-52
Mental retardation is not considered to be a Mental illness
Mental retardation is a lifelong condition and is addressed in Chapter 393, F.S.
Mental retardation cannot be cured but the individual's Capabilities and independence may be enhanced
The four level of mental retardation are Mild, moderate, severe, and profound
The majority of individuals with mental retardation are at the this level Mild level
Individuals wih moderate mental retardation can learn functional academic skills and may be able to perform Semiskilled work under supervised conditions
At this level of mental retardation, individuals have a very slow motor development and communication skills, able to care for their personal needs and contribute to their own self-maintenance, and usually under someone else's care or supervision Severe mental retardation
At this level of mental retardation, individuals have slow motor development and minimal language development but can learn basice self-care skills Profound mental retardation
When communicating with a person with mental retardation an officer should ask one question at a time and Explain unfamiliar terms such as "lawyer," "right," and "evidence."
Individuals with mental retardation may not be able to distinguish between Abstract and concrete thought.
ARC stands for Association of Retarded Citizens
This agency provides information and support to individuals and agencies working with persons with mental retardation ARC (Association of Retarded Citizens)
The two major types of communication disabilities are Hearing and speech impairments
People with communication disabilites may not be excluded or segregated from Services, denied services, or treated differently
A large majority of Florida cases involving defendants who are hearing impaired are dismissed because of events occurring BEFORE Miranda rights are explained
People with hearing impairments often indicate that they cannot hear by gesturing, such as Point to their ears or mouths, shake their heads no, or make some other movements to indicate that they do not understand
If an interpreter is being used, the officer should still speak Directly to the individual with the hearing impairment and not the interpreter
It is important to remember that some persons with hearing impairments may have Poor balance and/or slurred speech and therefore may appear to be intoxicated
A person who is deaf and has a limited understanding of the English language cannot Knowingly waive his or her rights unless the warning is given in his or her language
An interpreter may be required in situations such as Interviews, interrogations, arrests, Miranda rights advisory, court appearances, and trials
Some individuals may not be able to perform certain hand movements and Have difficulty controlling movements or breathing, and/or have limited stamina
Visions impairment refers to A loss or partial loss of vision
People with partial sight may not see color well or at all or may lack peripheral vision, but they can still See and even read with magnifiers or other aids
If someone is visually impaired, an officer should Make special accommodations for suspects, victims and witnesses
Autism operates on a continuum from Mild to severe
Throwing tantrums or showing extreme distress for no apparent reason, flap thier hands, rock themselves, exhibit attachment to objects, laugh, giggle, or ignore someone's presence may be displayed by a person with Autism
A person with autism may be extremely sensitive to lights, sounds, and touch, but it may also cause them to appear insensitive to pain and may also appear that they Have no real fear of danger
Officers should consider taking certain measuers, such as displaying calming body language and giving extra personal space when Responding to individual with autism
Person's with autism may have seizure disorder and low muscle tone, if restraining, officers should avoid Positional asphyzia, keep airway clear, and turn the person on his or her side often
Characteristics and issues associated with juveniles are they may Show a high degree of irresponsibility, little respect for authority, and unpredictable behavior patterns, may also be manipulative and defiant when interacting with law enforcement
Many delinquent juveniles, also known as status offenders, come from Broken or dysfunctional homes or from low-income families
Bullying, violence, and aggression is a result of a juvenile living in An unstable home
Suicide is a leading cause of death among Juveniles
Depression, obsessive talk about death, or intentional self-injury are Indicators of suicidal tendencies
A situation involving a juvenile is unique and may require more patience and understanding, or may require a Firmer and more direct approach
A high degree or self-control, patience, flexibility, and understanding is necessary to work effictively with Youth
Establishing positive working relationships with the youth of the area will help build community networks that will Benefit the overall law enforcement effort
An officer has a variety of options when responding to juvenile have a variety of options available such as Issue a cursory warning or release the youth to parents or guardians with an explanation of the offense, charge and then release to a custodian, suitable referral (counseling, social services or juvenile crime prevention program) or local counseling
Tend to be vulnerable to crime and neglect and are reluctant to report crimes committed against them Eldery people
Most elderly poplulation live At home, close to or with family members
Many elderly people receive assistance through Federal or state programs, and more than one quarter of them have income below or just above the poverty level
Medical and personal services may be provided in Hospitals, nursing homes, assisted living facilities, or personal residence
Almost everyone whoe lives to a certain age experiences a number of Normal physiological changes
Elderly people may experience changes in their body such as Eyesight (loss of visual acuity and deterioration of depth, distance, and peripheral perceptions), hearing, sense of touch
Eldery people from everyday activities are more prone to Rips, tears, and bruising
Older people often experience an increased sensitivity to weather and are more susceptible to Heat stroke, heat exhaustion, and hypothermia
Overmedication or drug mixing may create a condition that resembles Dementia
A high degree or self-control, patience, flexibility, and understanding is necessary to work effictively with Youth
Establishing positive working relationships with the youth of the area will help build community networks that will Benefit the overall law enforcement effort
An officer has a variety of options when responding to juvenile have a variety of options available such as Issue a cursory warning or release the youth to parents or guardians with an explanation of the offense, charge and then release to a custodian, suitable referral (counseling, social services or juvenile crime prevention program) or local counseling
Tend to be vulnerable to crime and neglect and are reluctant to report crimes committed against them Eldery people
Most elderly poplulation live At home, close to or with family members
Many elderly people receive assistance through Federal or state programs, and more than one quarter of them have income below or just above the poverty level
Medical and personal services may be provided in Hospitals, nursing homes, assisted living facilities, or personal residence
Almost everyone whoe lives to a certain age experiences a number of Normal physiological changes
Elderly people may experience changes in their body such as Eyesight (loss of visual acuity and deterioration of depth, distance, and peripheral perceptions), hearing, sense of touch
Eldery people from everyday activities are more prone to Rips, tears, and bruising
Older people often experience an increased sensitivity to weather and are more susceptible to Heat stroke, heat exhaustion, and hypothermia
Overmedication or drug mixing may create a condition that resembles Dementia
Elderly people experience a variety of mental illnesses such as Schizophrenia and depression
Physical and emotional conditions that tend to affect the elderly more than other population groups include Incontinence, bed sores, and dehydration
The suicide rate is significantly higher than that of the general population among this group Elderly people
Debilitating physical illnesses (severe pain), death of a loved one, the loss of independence, and financial inadequacy are factors of Elderly suicide risk
The officer should speak directly to the elderly person, establishing and maintaining eye contact and should Use a conversational tone, speaking loudly only if necessary. Include the person in all discussions concerning his or her welfare and should adjust communication based on any disabilities or other limitations
A variety of health and social services are available to assist older individuals and their families are Home-delieved meals, medical care, emotional support, finical management, and assistance with daily activities
Provides a wide range of information to help older citizens obtain specific local social services Florida Elder Help Line at 1-800-96-ELDER
Is available 24-hours to take reports of suspected cases of abuse Florida Abuse Registry Hotline at 1-800-96-ABUSE
Ranges from calm to violent, talks about committing suicide, attempts intentional self-injury, or sketch death-related drawings are Indicators and observations a person is in desperate situation and at risk of suicide
Loss of a loved one, depression caused by life stressors, lack of interest in daily activities, or hopelessness for the future are clues the individual may be Comtemplating suicide
Giving away personal belongings, lack of interest in eating, and dependence on drugs or alcohol are actions in Changes of a person's behavior contemplating suicide
Upon arriving to a suicide call an officer must immediately determine if the Subject has any weapons for use in a suicidal attempt
Is available to anyone and may be contacted at any time by anyone considering suicide National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK
An officer should never leave a suicidal person Alone
An officer may need to committ a suicidal person involuntarily under the Baker Act to a mental health facility and notify of suicide risk
Constant focus of a person's life and can lead to devasting effects for the individual , his or her family, and society Substance dependence
Factors that can contribute to substance dependence include An addicitive personality, personal history of the depenent person, fearful of and wish to avoid life issues. Elderly may accidently. Wide availability of drugs also contributes to dependence
This condition often leads to physical dependence Tolerance
Some illnesses and medical conditions have symptoms that mimic characteristics associated with Substance abuse
A person in diabetic shock may Stagger and appear drunk
A person in a diabetic coma may cause a person's breath to Smell sweet like acetone
Could cause a person to wander in a confused state and even become violent for brief periods Epilepsy
Sometime causes people to become temporarily irrational High blood pressure
May cause confusion and belligerence Head injury
May be dizzy and confused, vomit, or lose consciousness Person suffering from a stroke
Causes general weakness Carbon monoxide poisoning
Causes shaking, slurred speech, and the appearance of intoxication Parkinson's disease
May stagger, act inappropriately, be forgetful, or wander aimlessly Degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and dementia
Causes people to behave unpredictably and experience sensory hallucinations, such as sounds, touches, or visions Psychiatric disorder
So impaired from substance abuse to make a rational decision regarding the need for examination, lacks the ability to care for self, threatened to harm self or others, has actually harmed self or others Reasons for an involuntary commitment for alcohol or substance under the Marchman Act
Treatment options for substance abusers of alcohol and substances and play a vital role in reducing future drug use and criminal activity include Local community resources, Marchman Act, drug courts, and ex parte court orders
May file a petition with a court/judge for involuntary examination Substance abuser's family members or other specified persons
If the judge decides to issue an ex parte order, the individual is Taken into custody and transported to a treatment facility designated by the judge
Places all substances regulated under existing federal law into one of five schedules The Florida Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act, Chapter 893
Schedule I is reserved for the Most dangerours drugs and/or other substances that have no medical use
Schedule V is reserved for the Least Dangerous drugs
A substance's schedule is based on Medicinal value, harmfulness, and the potential for abuse and/or addiction
The substance schedule of Alcohol is Not scheduled
The substance schedule of Cannabis is Schedule I
The substance schedule of Cocaine/Crack is Schedule II
The substance schedule of Narcotics is Schedule I, II, III, IV
The substance schedule of Hallucinogens is Schedule I & II
The substance schedule of Inhalant is Not scheduled
The substance schedule of Depressants is Schedule I, II, III, IV
The substance schedule of Methamphetamine is Schedule II
Cocaine and crack is a type of Stimulant
Heroin, methadone, morphine, opium, paregoric, codeine, Demerol are a types of Narcotics (Narcotic Analgesics)
PCP (phenylcyclohexyl piperidine hydrochloride) is a type of Hallucinogens
LSD (d-lysergic acid diethylamide) is a Hallucinogens
Ecstasy (MDMA) is a Hallucinogens
Psilocybin and Psilocin (Mushrooms) and Mescaline (Peyote) are a type of Hallucinogens
GBH (Gamma-hydroxybutyrate), barbiturates, sedatives and tranquilizers are types of Depressants
Crank, speed, Crystal, ICE, Glass, or Shards are types of Methamphetamines
Evidence of use of this drug is: empty/open alcohol or bottles. Smell of alcoholic beverage on clothes or breath. Glassy, bloodshot, and watery eyes Alcohol
Evidence of use of this drug is: strong smoke smell, often like a skunk. Odor of burnt hemp rope. Presence of seeds, plant material, and paraphernalia (papers, pipes, pipe cleaners, bongs, scales, film canisters, plastic bags, roach clips Cannabis
Evidence of use of this drug is: glass vials, bags, syringers, razor blades, long fingernails, scales, small hand mirrors, needle marks, white crystalline powder around nostrilis, grinders, short straws. Aluminum cans, antennas, glass pipes, steel wool Cocaine/Crack
Evidence of use of this drug is: Hypodermic needles and syringes, lighters, aluminum foil/bottle caps, straws, spoons, tourniquets, razors, mirrors, plastic bags Heroin, methadone, morphine, opium, paregoric, codeine, demerol
Evidence of use of this drug is: distinctive chemical odor resembling ether PCP
Evidence of use of this drug is: Plastic film canister, aluminum foil, liquid squeeze bottle (typically blue), pack of gum (One hit--a piece of blotter paper) LSD
Evidence of use of this drug is: Nasal inhalers and decongestant rubs are the most common. Blow pops, baby pacifiers, plastic bags, shampoo bottles, packs of candies that are the same size Ecstasy
Evidence of use of this drug is: no paraphernalia needed for. Gelatin capsules Psilocybin and Psilocin (mushrooms) and Mescaline (Peyote)
Evidence of use of this drug is: Odor of substance on clothing or breath, paint stains on clothing, fingertips, or around the nose or mouth Inhalants
Evidence of use of this drug is: aluminum foil, plastic bag, child's blowing-bubble jar, capsule, water bottle, film canister, pills, hypodermic needles/syringes GBH, barbiturates, sedatives, tranquilizers
Evidence of use of this drug is: Red Devil Lye, coffee filters, Pseudophedrine (Sudafed), plastic tubing, glass bottles, empty milk jugs, solvents, strong chemical smell, steel wool, hazardous chemicals, kerosene, gasoline, iodine, ether, rock/table salt Crank, Speed, Crystal, ICE, Glass, or Shards
Behavior Characteristics of this drug is: sluggish behavior, extreme fatigue, thick/slurred speech, intoxication Alcohol
Behavior Characteristics of this drug is: relaxed, disoriented, happy, euphoric, paranoid Cannabis
Behavior Characteristics of this drug is: agitation, excited state, exaggerated reflexes, euphoria, teeth grinding, increased alertness, body tremors, fast gait and speech, panic attacks Cocaine/Crack
Behavior Characteristics of this drug is: clammy skin, slow movement, , face scratching, restlessness, slow speech, "on the nod" (switching between a state of semi-consciousness to alert) Heroin, methadone, morphine, opium, paregoric, codeine, demerol
Behavior Characteristics of this drug is: Blank stare, disorientation, confusion, agitation, repetitive/sparse/slurred/incoherent speech, possible violent and/or combative behavior, aggressive/self-destructive/bizarre behavior, feelings of weightlessness PCP
Behavior Characteristics of this drug is: Euphoria, expressiveness, relaxation, rapidly changing & exaggerated emotions, altered perception of time/distance/size/movement/color/spatial arrangement, sights may be transposed into odors,or sounds into sights LSD
Behavior Characteristics of this drug is: teeth grinding, nervousness, dizziness, panic attacks, seizures, jaw thrusting, euphoria, biting of lips and inner mouth, skin scratching and rubbing, free-flowing conversations Ecstasy
Behavior Characteristics of this drug is: effects depend on tolerance and strength, feel happy and euphoric, feel detached from the world & on different wavelenght, see and hear things not there, lose track of time, if unprepared often have panic attacks Psilocybin and Psilocin (mushrooms) and Mescaline (Peyote)
Behavior Characteristics of this drug is: sudden mood swings, defensiveness, impaired judgement, antisocial behavior, low academic achievement, juvenile delinquency, increased aggression, scattered thought process, vigor/high spirit, drowsiness/disordered Inhalants
Behavior Characteristics of this drug is: slurred speech, disorientation, long periods of sleep, drunken behavior with no alcohol odor, confused behavior. Anxiety, increased sexual pleasure, nausea, loss of muscle control/inhibition and coordination GBH, barbiturates, sedatives, tranquilizers
Behavior Characteristics of this drug is: anxiety, body tremors, decreased appetite, dizzy, dry mouth, euphoria, excitability, grinding teeth, hallucinations, impaired awareness, increased alertness, insomnia, restlessness, long intense trips, psychosis Crank, Speed, Crystal, ICE, Glass, or Shards
Physical Signs & Symptoms: Eye cross when an object is brought close to user's face. HGN usually present, glazed or bloodshot eyes, unsteady walk, slow reflexes, flaccid (limp) muscles, impaired coordination & judgment, breath that smells strongly Alochol
HGN stands for Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus
A rapid involuntary oscillation or jerkiness of the eyes Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus
Physical Signs & Symptoms: Increased appetite, anxiety and panick attacks, impaired coordination, fatigue, impaired judgment, possible psychosis, body tremors, reddening of the conjunctivae (eyes) Cannabis (Marijuana)
Physical Signs & Symptoms: Increased body temperature, hallucinations, panic attacks, confusion, convulsions, cardiac arrest Cocaine/Crack (Type of CNS Stimulant)
Physical Signs & Symptoms: Watery eyes, runny nose, yawning, loss of appetite, irritability, tremors, panic attacks, nausea, abdominal cramps, chills, sweating Heroin, methadone, morphine, opium, paregoric, codeine, demerol (Narcotic)
Physical Signs & Symptoms: No physical dependence, Psychological dependence is unknown. Tolerance can develop PCP, LSD, Ecstasy, Psilocybin & Psilocin ((Mushrooms)) and Mescaline ((Peyote)) (Hallucinogens)
Physical Signs & Symptoms: Increased body temperature, panic attacks, Hallucinations, confusion, cardic arrest Inhalants
Physical Signs & Symptoms: Anxiety, insomnia, tremors, delirium, convulsions, possible death GHB, barbiturates, sedatives, tranquilizers (Depressants)
Physical Signs & Symptoms: Tremors, anxiety, panic attacks, psychotic reactions, drepression, long periods of sleep, fatigue, intense hunger Crank, Speed, Crystal, ICE, Glass, or Shards (Methamphetamine)
Appearance of Substance: Almost always liquid (sometimes mixed with Jell-O), color ranges from clear to black Alochol
Appearance of Substance: Coarsely chopped, dried herbs, usually greenish-brown, some forms of resin are hard and brittle like charcoal while others are as soft as licorice, Thick oil from black to green (smells like rotten vegetables) Cannabis (Marijuana)
Appearance of Substance: Street is a white crystalline powder that looks like very fine salt. It is usually bought in a wrap containing 1g of powder Cocaine (Stimulant)
Appearance of Substance: Comes as crystals that look like small rocks. Some pieces look like grains of sand, normally as large as 2cm across. Color from pale yellow or pink to white. Freebase is a fine white powder that looks a bit like powdered sugar Crack (Stimulant)
Appearance of Substance: Comes in three forms : brown(low-grade, unclean form is smoked), China white(smoked or injected), Pharmaceutical(pure form used for medical purposes. NO approved medical usage in the U.S. (DEA)) Heroin (Narcotics)
Appearance of Substance: Comes as tablets, oral concentrate, and vials of clear, injectable liquid. Also found as brown, orange, or gummy edible substances of varying strengths or as DTF, a mixture that comes in the same colors but is stronger Methadone (Narcotics)
Appearance of Substance: Take a veriety of froms--capsules, tablets, syrups, elixirs, solutions, and suppositories Other carcotic painkillers- Morphine, Opium, Paregoric, Codeine, Demerol (Narcotics)
Appearance of Substance: texture of powder PCP ranges from a granular sugar to loose powder to lumps PCP (Hallucinogens)
Appearance of Substance: Transparent crystal in pure form. Typically, sold in a liquid form. Almost always soaked into small squares of blotting paper called tabs(5mm sq). Microdots,small,colored pills impregnated with acid, not as common as tabs-2-3mm. LSD (Hallucinogens)
Appearance of Substance: color varies from bright white to tan to brown. Size of chewable vitamin C; off-white or tan with visible specks. Aspirin-sized, various colors. Clear gelatin capsule filled powder or small blue-and-white capsule Ecstasy (Hallucinogens)
Appearance of Substance: Light to dark brown dried, some with long, thin stems & ball-shaped crowns. Disc-shaped buttons cut from cactus; 2-3" in dia, 1/2-1" thick (in natural form);brown-colored powder in a clear, gelatin capsule(synthetic form), sulfate Psilocybin and Psilocin (mushrooms) and Mescaline (Peyote) (Hallucinogens)
Appearance of Substance: Spray paints(silver & gold); plastic bags containing chemically soaked rags; Nitrous oxide tanks & canisters, paint thinner, air freshener, gasoline, rubber cement, whipped cream, insecticides, hairsprays, glass chillers, balloons Inhalants
Appearance of Substance: Usually sold in bottles that contain about 40ml of liquid. Thicker than water, it has a slightly salty taste. Maybe powder, tablet, or capsule form. Artificial flavorings & colorings are sometimes added to avoid detection GBH, barbiturates, sedatives, tranquilizers (Depressants)
Appearance of Substance: Beige or white powder, white crystalline rock, chalk Crank, Speed, Crystal, ICE, Glass, or Shards (Methamphetamine)
Created by: goarmy on 2010-03-12



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