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Psych/Cogn Dis Signs

Psychiatric & Cognitive Disorders: Signs & Symptoms

Sign/SymptomDefinitionType of Sign/Symptom
Selective inattention Block out anxiety-producing activities/objects/concepts Attention (Ability to concentrate/remain focused on activity of experience)
Hypervigilance excessive attention/alertness Attention (Ability to concentrate/remain focused on activity of experience)
Trance minimal environmental awareness/amnesia Attention (Ability to concentrate/remain focused on activity of experience)
Disorientation not oriented to person, place or time Consciousness (State of awareness)
Delirium disoriented reaction with restlessness and confusion. May be associated with fear and hallucinations. Consciousness (State of awareness)
Confusion inappropriate reactions to environmental stimuli, manifested by a disordered orientation re person, place, and time. Consciousness (State of awareness)
Sundowning -occurs late afternoon/night in older adults -char. by drowsiness, confusion, ataxia, and falling. -associated with sedation, dementia, changes in orienting cues (light, familiar people/objects) Consciousness (State of awareness)
Affect observable component of emotions. Blunted (severe lack), inappropriate (inconsistent), restricted/constricted (reduced), flat (absence), labile (rapid/abrupt changes) Emotion (Feeling state associated with affect and mood - consists of psychological/physical components)
Mood pervasive/sustained emotion manifested by thoughts/actions Emotion (Feeling state associated with affect and mood - consists of psychological/physical components)
Anxiety feeling of apprehension/worry associated with anticipation of future danger Emotion (Feeling state associated with affect and mood - consists of psychological/physical components)
Echopraxia meaningless imitation of another person's movements Motor Behavior (Behavioral and motoric expressions of impulses, drives, wishes, motivations, and cravings)
Catatonia characterized by rigidity/immobility Motor Behavior (Behavioral and motoric expressions of impulses, drives, wishes, motivations, and cravings)
Stereotypy repetition of fixed patterns of movement and speech (e.g., echolalia) Motor Behavior (Behavioral and motoric expressions of impulses, drives, wishes, motivations, and cravings)
Psychomotor agitation excessive motor and cognitive activity, usually nonproductive and in response to inner tension. Motor Behavior (Behavioral and motoric expressions of impulses, drives, wishes, motivations, and cravings)
Hyper-/Hypoactivity -hyper: restless, sometimes aggressive or destructive activity, often associated with brain pathology. -hypo: decreased or slowed motor and cognitive activity. Motor Behavior (Behavioral and motoric expressions of impulses, drives, wishes, motivations, and cravings)
Aggression forceful, angry or destructive speech or behavior Motor Behavior (Behavioral and motoric expressions of impulses, drives, wishes, motivations, and cravings)
Acting out physical expression of thoughts and impulses Motor Behavior (Behavioral and motoric expressions of impulses, drives, wishes, motivations, and cravings)
Akathisia state of restlessness charaterized by an urgent need for movement, usually as a side effect of medication Motor Behavior (Behavioral and motoric expressions of impulses, drives, wishes, motivations, and cravings)
Ataxia irregularity or failure of muscle coordination upon movement Motor Behavior (Behavioral and motoric expressions of impulses, drives, wishes, motivations, and cravings)
Circumstantiality speech that is delayed in reaching the point and contains excessive or irrelevant details Thinking (Goal-directed reasoned flow of ideas and associations. Logical flow is considered normal)
Tangentiality abrupt changing of focus to a loosely associated topic Thinking: Form (Goal-directed reasoned flow of ideas and associations. Logical flow is considered normal)
Perseveration persistent focus on a previous topic or behavior after a new topic or behavior has been introduced Thinking: Form (Goal-directed reasoned flow of ideas and associations. Logical flow is considered normal)
Flight of Ideas rapid shifts in thoughts from one idea to another Thinking: Form (Goal-directed reasoned flow of ideas and associations. Logical flow is considered normal)
Thought blocking interruption of a thought process before it is carried through to completion Thinking: Form (Goal-directed reasoned flow of ideas and associations. Logical flow is considered normal)
Delusions false beliefs about external reality without an appropriate stimulus that cannot be explained by the individual's intelligence or cultural background Thinking: Content (Goal-directed reasoned flow of ideas and associations. Logical flow is considered normal)
Compulsions need to act on specific impulses to relieve associated anxiety Thinking: Content (Goal-directed reasoned flow of ideas and associations. Logical flow is considered normal)
Obsessions constitute a persistent thought or feeling that cannot be eliminated by logical thought Thinking: Content (Goal-directed reasoned flow of ideas and associations. Logical flow is considered normal)
Pressured Speech rapid and increased amount of speech. May be difficult to interrupt. Speech (The expression of ideas, thoughts, and feelings through language.)
Poverty of Speech speech that is limited in amount/content Speech (The expression of ideas, thoughts, and feelings through language.)
Nonspontaneous Speech consists of responses that are given only when spoken to directly Speech (The expression of ideas, thoughts, and feelings through language.)
Stuttering repetition or prolongation of sounds or syllables Speech (The expression of ideas, thoughts, and feelings through language.)
Perseveration continued repetition of a word or phrase Speech (The expression of ideas, thoughts, and feelings through language.)
Expressive Aphasia (Broca's) - language output disturbance in which the individual knows that s/he wants to say but cannot say it Speech (The expression of ideas, thoughts, and feelings through language.)
Receptive Aphasia (Wernicke's) - language output organic loss of ability to comprehend what has been said Speech (The expression of ideas, thoughts, and feelings through language.)
Nominal aphasia (aka anominal or amnestic) - language output inability to name objects Speech (The expression of ideas, thoughts, and feelings through language.)
Global aphasia - language output involves all forms of aphasia Speech (The expression of ideas, thoughts, and feelings through language.)
Hallucinations false sensory perceptions that are not in response to an external stimulus Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
Illusions misperceptions or misinterpretations of real sensory events Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
Agnosia - cognitive disorder inability to understand and interpret the significance of sensory input Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
Astereognosis - cognitive disorder inability to identify objects through touch Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
Visual agnosia - cognitive disorder inability to recognize people and objects Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
Apraxia - cognitive disorder inability to carry out specific motor tasks in the absence of sensory or motor impairment Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
Adiadochokinesia - cognitive disorder inability to perform rapidly alternating movements Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
Depersonalization - assoc with conversion and dissociative phenomena subjective sense of being unreal or inanimate Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
[Conversion and Dissociative Phenomena] in response to repressed material and involve physical symptoms and distortions that are not under voluntary control or associated with a physical disorder. Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
Derealization subjective sense that the environment is unreal Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
Fugue State of serious depersonalization, often involving travel or relocation, in which the individual takes on a new identity with amnesia for his/her old identity Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
Dissociative identity disorder appearance that an individual has developed two or more distinct personalities. -dissociation involves separation of group of mental/behavioral processes from rest of person's psychic activity (may involve separating an idea from its emotional tone) Perception (process of interpreting sensory information received from the environment)
Amnesia inability to recall past experiences or personal identity due to organic or emotional dysfunction. retrograde amnesia - inability to remember events that occurred prior to the precipitating event. Memory (ability to store and retrieve information related to past experiences)
Immediate memory ability to recall material within seconds or minutes Level of memory
Recent memory ability to recall events of the past few days Level of memory
Recent past memory ability to recall events of the past few months Level of memory
Remote memory ability to recall events of the distant past Level of memory
Distractability drawn to unimportant stimuli Attention (Ability to concentrate/remain focused on activity of experience)
Created by: GooseB on 2010-03-08



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