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Ch 20 Adler/Carlton

Drug Classifications

QuestionAnswer
Analgesic relieve pain without causing drowsiness
Anesthetics agents that act on the central nervous system (CNS) to produce a loss of sensation; produce muscle relaxation and loss of consciousness
Antianxiety used in the treatment of anxiety to calm or relax the anxious patient
Antiarrhythmics used to treat any variation from the normal rhythm of the heartbeat
Antibiotics used to kill or inhibit the growth of micro-organisms
Anticholinergics reduce smooth muscle tone, motility of the gastrointestinal tract, and secretions from the respiratory tract and secretory glands
Anticoagulants inhibit the clotting of the blood or increase the thickening time
Anticonvulsants used to prevent or control the occurrence of seizures; do not treat the cause but reduce or eliminate seizure activity
Antidepressants used in the treatment of depression
Antidiabetic agents used to treat type II diabetes mellitus in which insulin deficiency and insulin resistance exists
Antiemetics used to prevent and treat nausea and vomiting
Antifungal agents substances that destroy or suppress the growth or multiplication of fungi
Antihistamines drugs used primarily to treat allergic disorders, both acute and chronic; also used to treat symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections and the common cold caused by viral infections
antihyperlipidemic agents used to lower abnormally high level of lipids, esp cholesterol, in the blood
Antihypertensives used to treat high blood pressure
Antiplatelets used to inhibit platelet aggregation (or formation of blood clots)
Antipsychotics used to treat psychiatric or mental disorders
Antiulcer agents used to treat peptic ulcers, both gastric and duodenal, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)caused by reflux of acid from the stomach into the esophagus
Antiviral agents destroy or suppress the growth or multiplication of viruses
Bronchodilators used in the treatment of asthma and COPD; relax bronchial smooth muscles and dilate the respiratory passages
Cholinesterase inhibitors increase the levels of acetylcholine, a major neurotransmitter in the central nervous system
Coagulants used to control hemorrhage or to speed up coagulation
Corticosteriods used to reduce the symptoms associated with chronic inflammatory disorders or for short-term treatment of acute inflammatory conditions
Diuretics drugs that increase the amount of urine excreted by the kidneys, thus removing sodium and water from the body
Hormones drugs that affect the endocrine system (control system of the body)
Laxatives drugs that act to promote the passage and elimination of feces from the large intestine
Mood-Stabilizing drugs prevent mood swings in patients with manic-depressive (bipolar) disorder
Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory drugs have analgesic, antipyretic (reduces fever), and antiinflammatory actions used to treat inflammatory conditions, mild to moderate pain, and fever
Sedatives (hypnotics) produce varying degrees of central nervous system depression ranging from mild sedation to inducing sleep
Stimulants drugs that increase activity
Thrombolytics drugs that dissolve thrombi (clots) that have already formed
Vasoconstrictors drugs that cause blood vessels to constrict, thus increasing heart action and raising blood pressure
Vasodilators drugs that cause blood vessels to dilate
Emetic drugs used to induce vomiting
Created by: Beverly Jo Miller-Cox Beverly Jo Miller-Cox on 2010-02-27



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