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Ch 20 Adler/Carlton

Pharmacology Definitions

QuestionAnswer
Ampule small sealed glass container that holds a single dose of parenteral solution in a sterile condition
Analgesic drug that relieves pain without causing a loss of consciousness
Anaphylaxis condition of shock caused by hypersensitivity to a drug or other substance that results in life-threatening respiratory distress and vascular collapse
Anesthetic drug that produces a loss of feeling or sensation
Angina Pectoris severe constricting pain in the chest, often radiating to the shoulder and down the arm, caused by ischemia (obstruction of blood supply) of the heart muscle usually caused by coronary disease
Anticholinergic drug that blocks the passage of impulses through the parasympathetic nerves
Arrhythmia any variation from the normal rhythm of the heartbeat
Atherosclerosis condition in which thickening of the wall of a blood vessel occurs caused by the deposit of plaque (atheroma)
Bolus concentrated mass of pharmaceutical preparation
Bronchodilator drug that causes expansion of the lumina of the air passages of the lungs
Coagulation process of clot formation
Contraindication any condition that renders the administration of some drug or some particular line of treatment improper or undesirable
Diabetes Mellitus primarily a disorder of carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism secondary to insufficient secretion of insulin or insulin resistance
Diabetic Gastroparesis form of nerve damage that affects the stomach; food does not move through the stomach in a normal way, resulting in vomiting, nausea, or bloating
Diuretic drug that promotes the excretion of urine
Drug any substance that, when taken into a living organism, may modify one or more of its functions
Edema presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the tissues of the body
Extravasation discharge or escape of fluid from a vessel into the surrounding tissue that can cause localized vasoconstriction, resulting in sloughing of tissue and tissue necrosis if not reversed with an antidote
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) inflammation of the lower esophagus from regurgitation of acid gastric contents; symptoms include heartburn
Generic Name drug name that is usually descriptive of its chemical structure but is not protected as is a trademark
Hematoma localized collection of blood in the tissue wall resulting from a break in the wall of the blood vessel
Hyperlipidemia elevations of plasma lipid concentration
Hypertension persistently high arterial blood pressure, usually exceeding 140 mm Hg systolic and 90 mm Hg diastolic
Idiosyncratic Reaction unusual response to a drug that is peculiar to the individual
Infiltration diffusion of fluid into a tissue; often used interchangeably with extravasation
Intramuscular within the muscle tissue
Intravenous within a vein
Laxative agent that promotes evacuation of the bowel
Metabolic Acidosis condition resulting from accumulation of acid or depletion of alkaline reserves (bicarbonate in the blood and body tissues)
Microorganism microscopic organism such as a bacterium or a virus that is too small to be seen without a microscope
Opioid any drug, natural or synthetic, that has activity similar to those of morphine
Parenteral not through the gastrointestinal tract but by injection through some other route
Peristalsis waves of contraction that propel contents through the gastrointestinal tract
Pharmacokinetics study of the metabolism and action of drugs with particular emphasis on the time required for absorption, duration of action, distribution in the body, and method of excretion
Pharmacist person who is licensed to prepare and dispense drugs
Pharmacology study of drugs and their origin, nature, properties, and effects on living organisms
Physical Dependence state of adaptation exhibited by a withdrawal syndrome specific to a class of drugs and that may be produced by abrupt cessation, rapid dose reduction, or adminstration of an antagonist
Schizophrenia chronic mental disorder characterized by periods of withdrawn or bizarre behavior
Shock condition characterized by profound hypotension and reduced tissue perfusion
Side Effect consequence other than the one for which a drug is used
Subcutaneous beneath the skin
Sublingual beneath the tongue
Therapeutic pertaining to the art of healing
Thromboembolic Disorders conditions involving the partial or complete obstruction of a blood vessel
Tolerance state of adaptation in response to drug exposure that results in a decrease of one or more of the drug's effects over time
Topical applied to a certain area of the skin and affecting only the area to which it is applied
Transdermal entering through the skin
Vasoconstrictor drug that causes constriction of the blood vessels
Vasodilator drug that causes dilatation of the blood vessels
Venipuncture puncture of a vein
Vial small glass bottle containing multiple doses of a drug
Created by: Beverly Jo Miller-Cox Beverly Jo Miller-Cox on 2010-02-27



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