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CSU Beck Distortions

CSU Beck's Cognitive Distortions

QuestionAnswer
All-or-nothing thinking (dicotomous thinking) Thinking of things in absolute terms
Overgeneralization Taking isolated cases and using them to make wide generalizations.
Mental filter Focusing almost exclusively on certain usually negative or upsetting when both pos and neg events or feedback are present
Disqualifying the positive Continually reemphasizing or "shooting down" positive experiences for arbitrary
Mind reading Assuming special knowledge of the intentions or thoughts of others. "I know that he won't go out with me... I don't have to ask."
Fortune telling Determining how things will turn out before they happen as if this is fact.
Catastrophizing or Magnifying Focusing on the worst possible outcome however unlikely or thinking that a situation is unbearable or impossible when it is really just uncomfortable.
Emotional reasoning Making decisions and arguments based on intuitions or personal feeling rather than an objective rationale and evidence.
Should statements or shoulding Patterns of thought which imply the way things "ought to be" rather than the actual situation the patient is faced with. Ellis used the term "Musturbation" to describe a similar thought pattern.
Labeling Explaining behaviors or events merely by naming them; related to overgeneralization. Rather than describing the specific behavior a patient assigns a label to someone of themself that implies absolute and unalterable terms.
Personalization Attribution of personal responsibility (or causal role) for events over which the patient has no control. This pattern is also applied to other in the attribution of blame.
Created by: OTTeacherLady