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AP Euro: Renaissance

QuestionAnswer
What was Individualism? Individualism was the emphasis on and interest in the unique traits of each person.
What was Secularism? Secularism was the seperation of anything from the church or religion.
What was Humanism? Humanism was the study of the liberal arts such as grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy or ethics, and history, all based on ancient Greek and Roman texts.
How were marriages in the Renaissance arranged? Marriages were arranged by parents, mostly to strengthen businesses or family ties, and were reinforced with a legally binding contract.
What was the role of women in the Renaissance? Women were the head of the household whose primary function was to bear children. Wealthy women bore children at a faster rate because they gave their babies to a wetnurse.
What was Neoplatonism? Neoplatonism was the combination of Christianity and Platonism into a single system based on the Neoplatonic hierarchy of substances and a theory of spiritual love.
What was Civic Humanism? Civic Humanism was the application of Humanistic principles to help ones state.
Who was Johannes Gutenburg? Johannes Gutenburg was the inventor of the printing press. He also facilitated the printing of the Gutenburg bible so that all the people of Germany could read it.
When was the Renaissance? The Renaissance was from about 1400-1525.
What was Nepotism? Nepotism was the giving of church offices by the Popes to their Nephews.
What were the Sacrosancta and the Frequens? They were 2 reform decrees passed by the Council of Constance. The Sacrosancta decreed that everyone including the Pope was subject to its authority and the Frequens decreed that the council met regularly.
Who were Wyclif and the Lollards? Lollardy was the product of John Wyclif whose open disgust of clerical corruption led him to an attack on papal authority. Wyclif's followers were called Lollards.
Who were Hus and the Hussites? Wyclif's ideas were reinforced by a group of reformers led by John Hus. The Council of Constance attempted to deal with this problem by summoning him, condemning him a heretic, and burning him at the stake. This resulted in the Hussite Wars.
Who was Petrarch? Petrarch was the father of Humanism. He was the first to catogorize the Middle Ages as a period of darkness and renewed interests in classic Latin Manuscripts.
What was Hermeticism? Hermeticism was the product of Cosimo de'Medici translating the Hermetic writings. One type of these writings stressed the occult sciences, the other stressed philosophical and theological speculations.
What were New Monarchies? New Monarchies were Monarchies that succeeded in reestablishing centralized royal rule, supressing the nobility, controlling the church, and insisting on the peoples loyalty.
Created by: Aaron Griffin Aaron Griffin on 2010-01-22



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