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Literary Terms - Sem

literary terms for semester review

When the narrator tells about events that happened before the story. Flashback
Words that have the same sound, but different spellings and/or meanings. Homophone
Who is telling the story, i.e. first-person, third-person, etc. Point of view
A guess made by the reader based on his/her own experiences and information from the story. Inference
A figure of speech; a phrase that means something different than the actual words. Idiom
Words that have the same spelling, but different meanings and/or pronunciations. Homograph
POV when the story is told by a character IN the story. 1st Person
POV when the story is told by someone OUTSIDE the story watching it happen and telling about it. 3rd Person
Something that can be proven and is the same no matter who you ask. Fact
The way a person feels about something; is different from person to person. Opinion
The place and time a story happens. Setting
Clues the author gives the reader that something important is going to happen. Foreshadowing
Text or writing that EXplains, i.e. instructions, a textbook, or a recipe. Expository Text
Text or writing that tells a story, i.e. The Lightning Thief or How to Train Your Dragon. The author's purpose is to entertain. Narrative Text
Text or writing that tries to change your opinion about something, i.e. editorials or advertisements. Persuasive Text
The series of events in a story. Plot
The main character in the story. Protagonist
The character/force the main character is fighting against. Antagonist
The problem in the story. Ex. Character vs character. Conflict
A group of letters placed at the beginning of a base word that change its meaning. Prefix
The author's attitude or beliefs about the story. Tone
How the reader feels about the story while reading it. Mood
The dictionary definition of a word. Denotation
Idea about a word, in addition to its formal definition (ex. smell vs odor vs fragrance) Connotation
The part of the story where the protagonist and setting are introduced. Beginning/Exposition
The most intense part of the story; also called turning point. Climax
The part of the story where the loose ends are tied up, ex. happily ever after. Resolution
Ways the author helps us get to know characters, i.e physical description, how the character acts, and how other characters react to the character. Elements of characterization
Text connections (4) Ways we connect with a book: text to self, text to text, text within text, and text to world.
A word that has the SAME or a similar meaning as another word, i.e. angry/mad Synonym
A word that means the OPPOSITE of another word, i.e. happy/sad, light/dark. Antonym
A group of letters placed at the end of a word that change the part of speech or the verb tense, i.e. walk, walkS, walkED, walkING. Suffix
Created by: mhouston on 2010-01-05

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