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The Iliad StudyGuide

Study Guide for Iliad Final Exam

King of Sparta The younger brother of Agamemnon. The abduction of his wife, Helen, by the Trojan prince Paris that sparks the Trojan War. Menelaus
An important soothsayer. Identifies the cause of the plague ravaging the Achaeans Calchas
A fine warrior and the cleverest of the Achaean commanders. Excellent Public Speaker He helps mediate between Agamemnon and Achilles during their quarrel and often prevents them from making rash decisions. Odysseus
Son of the mortal man, Peleus, and the immortal sea-nymph, Thetis. His mother dipped him in the River Styx to make him immortal. The most powerful warrior in The Iliad Withdraws from the war after a quarrel with Agamemnon Achilles
King of Mycenae and leader of the Achaean army Brother of King Menelaus of Sparta. He causes his greatest warrior to withdraw from the war. Agamemnon
Hector’s loving wife. Begs Hector to withdraw from the war and save himself before the Achaeans kill him. Andromache
A Trojan archer. His shot at Menelaus breaks the temporary truce between the two sides. Pandarus
Queen of Troy Wife of Priam Mother of Hector and Paris. Hecuba
Son of Priam and Hecuba The mightiest warrior in the Trojan army. Resents his brother Paris for bringing war upon their family and city. Hector
King of Troy and husband of Hecuba Father of Hector and Paris. He treats Helen kindly, though he laments the war that her beauty has sparked. Priam
Reputed to be the most beautiful woman in the ancient world. She left her husband, Menelaus, to run away with Paris. She loathes herself now for the misery that she has caused so many Trojan and Achaean men. Helen
Son of Priam and Hecuba Brother of Hector. His abduction of the beautiful Helen, wife of Menelaus, sparked the Trojan War. Self-centered and often a coward. Paris
Goddess of love and beauty who was born from sea foam. Paris chose her to receive the golden apple after she promised him that Helen would fall in love with him. Aphrodite
The wife of Zeus who was associated with a peacock because of her great beauty. She is the protector of marriage. She is upset at Paris for not choosing her to receive the golden apple. Hera
The mountain where the gods and goddesses lived and ruled from. Mt. Olympus
The sun god and god of music. He’s a twin and considered the most handsome of the gods. He plagues the Greeks after Agamemnon refuses to return Chryseis to her father. Apollo
Leader of all gods and the god of the sky, lightning, and thunder. He carries a thunderbolt as his symbol. Zeus
Goddess of wisdom who was born fully grown out of the head of Zeus. A major Greek city is named after her. She is upset at Paris for not choosing her to receive the golden apple. Athena
How long have the Achaeans and the Trojans been at war when the story begins? Nine Years
What does Paris do to upset Hera and Athena, thus causing the war to go on for years and years? He does not give them the golden apple. He gives the apple to Aphrodite instead
Describe the omen seen by the Achaeans prior to arriving at Troy. Explain what it meant. A blood red snake slithered up a tree and ate nine baby sparrows and the mother sparrow. This meant that the Greeks (Achaeans) would fight for nine years and in the tenth year they would defeat Troy.
How do Ajax and Hector come to respect one another? They fight an epic battle and it is a draw. They are equally matched.
Why do the Greeks refuse the Trojans’ offer of the return of the stolen treasure? Helen is not included in the offer.
When Achilles mother, Thetis, dips him in the River Styx, she is attempting to make him _______________. Immortal
___________________ is known as "the face that launched a thousand ships." Helen
Though known as Helen of Troy, Helen is originally from ____________________. Sparta
The golden apple that Eris threw down to the party had the words ______________________ written on it. "For the Fairest"
What did Athena promise Paris if he gave her the golden apple? She promised him victory in all of his battles.
________________________ accepts Paris' challenge to a duel. Menelaus
When Hector finds Paris, what is he doing? Polishing his shield into a mirror.
When Paris goes to battle, he is wearing __________________. a leopard skin.
____________________ saves Paris by snapping the strap of his helmet and hiding him in a cloud of mist. Aphrodite
Be sure you know how to pronounce Achilles. Sounds like Uh-kill-eez
What inspires Achilles to return to battle? The death of his friend, Patroclus.
Achilles vows to get revenge by killing what Trojan warrior? Hector
What is destined to happen to Achilles once Hector has been killed? He will die.
God of fire, volcanoes, and the forge. He’s the ugliest of the gods and was crippled by his mother when she cast him out. He makes the armor that Achilles wears to war. Hephaestus
How is Achilles killed? An arrow hits his heel, the one place where he is vulnerable to attack.
Why was Achilles' heel vulnerable to attack? Because his mother, Thetis, held him by the heel as she dipped him in the River Styx.
How did the Greeks seige the city of Troy and bring the war to an end? They built a giant wooden horse and offered it as a gift to the Trojans and to honor the gods. Twenty -four armed Greeks hid inside the horse and when it was wheeled into the city, they crept out while the Trojans slept and attacked.
Be sure you know how to pronounce Hera. Sounds like Hair-uh
How did the Greeks honor their dead? They burned the bodies, so they would not rot or be eaten by scavengers. Bodies were cleaned and offerings were made to the gods. Funeral games were sometimes played and processions usually followed the dead to their final resting place.
Created by: Mr. Taylor