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ABSOLUTISM AND CONST

ABSOLUTISM AND CONSTITUTIONALISM

QuestionAnswer
Jacques Bossuet 1.Govt is divinely sanctioned 2.Wrote Politics derived from the very word of holy scripture
Thomas Hobbes 1.advocated absolutism on secular grounds 2. Invest sole power to the Leviathan
general characteristics of absolutist monarchies 1.unlimited authority to rule 2. diving right 3.patronage/censorship
favorable balance of trade exports>imports
zero-sum game total volume on trade is unchangeable
overall goal of mercantilism 1.self-sufficiancy
tariffs tax on imports
methods of mercantilism 1.monopolies 2.importing foreign artisans 3.quality control
Cardinal Richelieu 1. chipped away at the rights of the Huguenots 2. created intendant system
intendant system attempted to centralize royal authority in france
Cardinal Mazarin 1.successor of Richilieu 2.fronde
fronde 1.aboritve noble-led french rebellion 2.resented parlement of france
i am the state L'etat c'est moi
One King, one law, one faith un roi, une loi, une foi
Royal Council King Louis 14 cut out nobles and put in the bourgeoisie, new aristocrats
bourgeosie new aristocrats
French Classicism 1.values of the renaissance 2.Nicolas Poussin
Barouque French style painting, architecture
levee traditional rising of Louis 14
cochee traditional sleep time ritual of Louis the 14
Estates general 1. not called on by L14
Gallican Church monarchial power is independent of the church and the RCC in each country is controlled by BOTH the monarch and pope
Jean-Baptiste Colbert 1.mercantilism 2.merchant marine 2. decreased reliance on imports through tariffs
War of Spanish succession 1. caused by french bourbon accession to the spanish throne 2. blocked by english,dutch etc 3. jeopardized the balance of power 4. ended by Treaty of Utrecht and Treaty of Rastatt
Treaty of Utrecht and Treaty of Rastatt 1.ended war of spanish succession 2.england big winner (gibralter) 3. french lose dominance in europe 4. Kingdom of Prussia established
Edict of Fontainebleau revoked edict of nantes
decline of spain 1.inflation 2.weak middle class 3.debt
House of Hohenzollern rulling family brandenburg-prussia
Frederick William 1.Prussian army general 2. general war commissariat
general war commissariat governed prussian state led by junkers
junkers prussian nobles
treaty of karlowitz 1.ended austo-ottoman war 2. austira gained hungary croatia etc 3. austria was not able to unify bc of multiculturalism
Ivan 4 expanded russia eastward
boyars russian nobles
romanov russian ruling family
peter the greats goals 1.make power of the tsar absolute 2.westernize 3.open window to the west
table of the ranks peters meritocracy
kaftan russian noble wear
charles 12 swedish meteor
great northern war 1.russia vs sweden 1. russia won, got window to the west in st petersburg
Russian history divided into.. pre-petrine/post-petrine
Dutch republic United provinces, netherlands
stadholder led a Province in the dutch republic
fluyt dutch merchant ship
dutch companies exchange bank of amsterdam, dutch east/west india trading companies
genre scenes 1.vermeer and Rembrandt 2. realistic portrayal of everyday scenes 3. called dutch realism
balenced polity the cordial relationship between the tudors and parliment
James 1 1.son of mary queen of scots 2.
right to tax power of the purse
puritans english non-separatists calvinists
trew law james 1, defended divine right
left for the new world separtist calvanists
presbyterian church bottom up, democratic
episcopalin top down, monarchy
Charles 1 abs monarch, disliked, executed
Petition of right 1.parliment forced Charles 1 to sign 2.monarch could not collect taxes without monarchs consent 3. military law(martial law) could not be imposed 4
personal rule 1.charles 1 did not call on parliment 2.
ship money 1.illegal tax by charles 1 2.
William Laud Archbishop suppressed puritans, led to the great migration of puritans
long parliment met for 13 years,
triennial act passed by long parliament 1. parliament could not be dissolved with out consent 2.abolished charles tax 3. executed william laud
John Pym leader of long parliament that charles tried to arrest
cavaliers royalist, supporters of charles I, member of the house of lords
roundheads, supporters of parliament, middle class
central questions of the english civil war 1. who rules? abs monarch or parliament 2. how is the church governed? presb. or episco.
Oliver cromwell leader of new model army and independents
rump parliament tried, convicted charles 1 of treason
prides pursion exlusion of moderate members of parliament
interregnum english period with out a monarch (1649-1660)
the commonweath republic, house of lords/anglican church abolished
levellers wanted religious toleration, free speech, voting rights
diggers wanted communism
lord acton power corrupts, abs power corrupts absolutly
Instrument of Govt cromwell dissolved parliament after disputes over the newenglish constituion
lord protector cromwell, military dictator
protectorate military dictorship of england under cromwell, catholics not allowed but jews were
the restoration invited charlesII the merry monarch returned from exile in france
test act excluded catholics from govt positions
exclusion bill excluded james II (charles II brother) from the english throne
whigs liberals, supported exclusion bill
tories conservatives, did not like exclusion bill bc it tampered with lawful succession
james II open catholic
glorious revolution parliament invited mary II and William III of orange to rule only if enlgand was a limited monarchy
Enlgish Bill of Rights 1.Catholics barred from the throne 2.habeas corpus 3. religious toleration
jacobites wanted james II catholic son on the throne
john locke supports english revolution in two treasties of govt
Created by: okhashmi on 2009-11-10



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